Skip to main content

Bodley, Sir Thomas°


BODLEY, SIR THOMAS ° (1544/45–1613), English diplomat and bibliophile. Born in Exeter, England, his education began in the Geneva of Calvin and Beza (Bèze) as a Protestant refugee from the Marian persecution. There he learned Hebrew from Chevalier, later continuing his study under Drusius at Oxford. He acquired sufficient competence both to teach Hebrew and to decipher a medieval Anglo-Jewish shetar. Bodley traveled widely on the continent, largely on diplomatic missions, and was Elizabeth's permanent resident at The Hague from 1589 to 1596. His quite considerable Hebrew expertise is reflected in the elegy which he contributed to the memorial volume for Bishop John Jewell of Salisbury (Ioannis Iuelli… Episcopi Sarisbuniensis vita et mors (London, 1573)), in which there occur post-biblical Hebrew terms as applied in Italy and elsewhere to the Catholic hierarchy (afifyor, "pope"; ḥashmannim, "cardinals"; hegmon, "bishop"; etc.). Bodley's fame rests upon his munificent restoration of Oxford's public (i.e., university) library, thereafter called the *Bodleian.


G.W. Wheeler (ed.), Letters of Sir Thomas Bodley to Thomas James (1926); C. Roth, in: Bodleian Library Record 7, (1966), 242ff.; idem, in: Oxoniensia, 15 (1950), 64f.; Trecentale Bodleianum (1913), includes The Life of Sir Thomas Bodley Written by Himself (London, 1703). add. bibliography: odnb online.

[Raphael Loewe]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bodley, Sir Thomas°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Bodley, Sir Thomas°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (April 23, 2019).

"Bodley, Sir Thomas°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.