BEILINSON, MOSHE (1889–1936), Hebrew writer, journalist, and one of the chief spokesmen of the labor movement in Ereẓ Israel. Beilinson, who was born in Veprika, Russia, qualified as a doctor in 1913. A supporter of the Russian socialist movement, he was won over to Zionist socialism by Z. Shazar and B. Katznelson. After World War i he settled in Italy, where he became active in the Zionist movement. He also published a series of translations into Italian of books of Jewish interest, including: Buber's Reden ueber das Judentum (1923); R. Travers Herford's Pharisees (1925); and (with Dante *Lattes) Joseph Klausner's Kiẓẓur Toledot ha-Sifrut ha-Ivrit ha-Ḥaḍashah (1926). In 1924 he settled in Petaḥ Tikvah and soon afterward joined the editorial board of the newly founded *Davar. Here Beilinson published articles and notes, discussing problems of the Palestinian labor movement. He first wrote in Russian but changed to Hebrew in 1926. His style was simple and fluent. Beilinson wrote: Bi-Ymei Massah, on the Jewish-Arab question (1930); Bi-Ymei Teḥiyyat Italyah (1930); Be-Mashber ha-Olam (published in 1940, with an essay on Beilinson by B. Katznelson) and Ba-Derekh le-Aẓma'ut (1949). One of the main hospitals in the Tel Aviv area was named after him.
Ẓiyyun le-Moshe Beilinson (supplement to Davar, fasc. no. 3792, Nov. 9, 1937, includes a bibliography of his writings).