Nāro chos drug, Chödrug.
Six Doctrines of Nāropa. One of the principal bodies of teaching of the Kagyü
school of Tibetan Buddhism
, so-called because they passed from Nāropa (1016–1100) to the Kagyü founder, Marpa Lotsawa. Nāropa had received them from his guru Ti-lo-pa
(988–1069), who in turn had obtained them from their ultimate source Vajradhara, a dharmakāya
) form of Buddhahood itself. They consist of:1 Tummo
, Heat Yoga), by which the indivisibility of bliss (bde.ba
) and emptiness (stong.pa.-nyid
) are realized.2 Gyulü
, Illusory Body), by which the insubstantiality of all phenomena is realized.3 Milam
, Dream Yoga), where the knowledge gained in gyulü is extended into the maintenance of consciousness in the dream state.4 Osal
, Clear Light), by which the natural luminosity of emptiness is apprehended.5 Phowa
, Ejection), in which the ability to separate the consciousness from the body is attained.6 Bardo
, Intermediate State between death and rebirth), in which the yogin reenacts his experiences in that state and obtains control over his bardo passage and rebirth.