Nāro chos drug

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Nāro chos drug, Chödrug. Six Doctrines of Nāropa. One of the principal bodies of teaching of the Kagyü school of Tibetan Buddhism, so-called because they passed from Nāropa (1016–1100) to the Kagyü founder, Marpa Lotsawa. Nāropa had received them from his guru Ti-lo-pa (988–1069), who in turn had obtained them from their ultimate source Vajradhara, a dharmakāya (see TRIKĀYA) form of Buddhahood itself. They consist of:1 Tummo (gtum.mo, Heat Yoga), by which the indivisibility of bliss (bde.ba) and emptiness (stong.pa.-nyid) are realized.2 Gyulü (sgyu.lus, Illusory Body), by which the insubstantiality of all phenomena is realized.3 Milam (rmi.lam, Dream Yoga), where the knowledge gained in gyulü is extended into the maintenance of consciousness in the dream state.4 Osal (ʾod.gsal, Clear Light), by which the natural luminosity of emptiness is apprehended.5 Phowa (ʾpho.ba, Ejection), in which the ability to separate the consciousness from the body is attained.6 Bardo (bar.do, Intermediate State between death and rebirth), in which the yogin reenacts his experiences in that state and obtains control over his bardo passage and rebirth.