The name ‘Terapanth’ is variously explained: tera means (in Rajasthani) both ‘thirteen’ and ‘your’. Thus the ‘Thirteen Path’ may be the reliance on the thirteen basic elements of ascetic practice which Bhiksu was restoring (the Five Great Vows, the Five Attentive Actions, samiti, and the Three Protections, gupti); or it may be the number of early followers (thirteen monks and thirteen laymen); or it may be the devotion to ‘you, Lord Mahāvīra’. He elevated the role of the ācārya, to become the sole authority over adherents, and to appoint his own successor. The eighth ācārya, Tulsi, who succeeded in 1936, took this out into the world (especially of politics and economics), arguing that the accelerating power of humans to destroy must be counteracted by an accelerating power to reform spiritually. He therefore founded the Anuvrata Movement, from aṇu (‘atom’, with deliberate reference to ‘atom bomb’) and vrata, ‘vow’: ‘A small, or atomic, vow alone has the power to ward off and counter the threat of an atom bomb.’
"Bhikṣu, Ācārya." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bhiksu-acarya
"Bhikṣu, Ācārya." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved March 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/bhiksu-acarya
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.