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Anuvrata. The ‘lesser vows’ which Jain lay-people take, as a kind of parallel to the great vows of the ascetics. They are applied to the practice of daily life. The gunavratas are three supplementary vows, restricting unnecessary travel (in the light of (i) above, and counteracting self-indulgence and extravagance). The śikśavratas are three vows of instruction, relating to specific religious duties.