In Australia, following the creation of a unified country at the beginning of C20, a need for a national style was urged, and the late-Georgian domestic architecture of Australia was selected as offering suitable models. The main practitioners of the Australian Colonial Revival (featuring colonnaded verandahs, sash-windows with shutters, and fanlights over doors) were W. H. Wilson (e.g. Eryldene, Gordon, Sydney (1913–14) ), Robin Dods (1868–1920—e.g. several fine houses in Brisbane), and Leslie Wilkinson (1882–1973—who mixed Mediterranean features in with Australian Colonial elements, e.g. ‘Greenway’, Vaucluse, Sydney (1923) ). In South Africa, the so-called Dutch Colonial or Cape Dutch style, which had developed from C17, was revived by Baker at Groote Schuur, Rondebosch (1893–8—built for Cecil John Rhodes (1853–1902) ), and was quickly adopted by other South African architects. Spanish Colonial was also revived in Latin America as well as in the USA, and both it and Dutch Colonial evolved as separate styles from those found in Spain and The Netherlands. The Colonial Revival has enjoyed further revivals and interpretations at the end of C20 and the beginning of C21.
Axelrod (ed.) (1985);
Jane Turner (1996)
co·lo·ni·al / kəˈlōnyəl; -nēəl/ • adj. 1. of, relating to, or characteristic of a colony or colonies. ∎ relating to the period of the American colonies before independence. ∎ (esp. of architecture or furniture) made during or in the style of this period. 2. (of animals or plants) living in colonies. • n. 1. a native or inhabitant of a colony. 2. a house built in colonial style. DERIVATIVES: co·lo·ni·al·ly adv.