Colonia Family. Juan de Colonia
1410–81), as his name suggests, came from Cologne
(he is also known as Hans of Cologne): he settled in Burgos in Spain
, where his family was associated with the building of the Cathedral from c.
1440 to c.
1540. He built the spires
of the western towers (1442–58), which are of the German tracery
type, and La Cartuja de Miraflores, near Burgos (from 1441). Juan's sculptor-architect son, Simón
1511), succeeded his father at Burgos Cathedral in 1481, and designed the spectacular Plateresque
Capilla del Condestable (1482–94), with its huge escutcheons and eight-pointed star-vault
with tracery infill similar to the western spires of the Cathedral. Simón was also responsible for the elaborate façade
of San Pablo, Valladolid (1486–1504), an early example of a church-front designed to look like a reredos
(a type which became common in Spain and in Latin America
), and in 1497 was appointed master-mason of Seville Cathedral. His son, Francisco
1542) worked with Simón on the decorations of the San Pablo façade, and designed and made the Gothic retable
of San Nicolás, Burgos, (c.
1503–5), where there are early Renaissance
motifs. Francisco (who succeeded his father as master-mason in 1511) worked with Juan de Vallejo on the crossing
-tower (Gothic) from 1540 and himself made the Puerta de la Pellejería (early Renaissance
, 1516), both at Burgos Cathedral. He also worked with Juan de Álava
at the Cathedrals of Plasencia and Salamanca.
Chueca Goitia (1953, 1965);
Dezzi Bardeschi (1965);
Kubler & and Soria (1959);
Lamperez y Romea (1904)