Oriskany, Battle of
ORISKANY, BATTLE OF
ORISKANY, BATTLE OF (6 August 1777). The British threefold battle plan of 1777 included the advance of Lt. Col. Barry St. Leger across New York from Fort Oswego to meet generals John Burgoyne and William Howe in Albany. On 3 August, St. Leger, with an army of approximately 1,200 Tories and Mohawks approached Fort Stanwix on the Mohawk River. Gen. Nicholas Herkimer and his 800 militiamen hoped to surprise the British force with a rear attack, but scouts discovered the ambush and the advancing Americans were themselves set upon by a British detachment under Sir John Johnson about two miles west of Oriskany Creek. When the main force from Fort Stanwix finally arrived, the Tories retreated. St. Leger, unable to force the surrender of the fort, on 22 August retreated to Oswego.
Peckham, Howard H. The Toll of Independence. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
Scott, John A. Fort Stanwix and Oriskany. Rome, N.Y.: Rome Sentinel Company, 1927.
A. C.Flick/a. r.
See alsoIndians in the Revolution ; Revolution, American: Military History .
"Oriskany, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/oriskany-battle
"Oriskany, Battle of." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved March 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/oriskany-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.