Orbison, Roy

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Roy Orbison

Singer, songwriter

For the Record

Selected discography

Sources

Roy Orbisons was a voice like no other ever heard in rocksilky, soaring, tender, gritty, haunted with pain. And durable, eulogized Jim Jerome of People magazine. Orbison, the singer and songwriter responsible for rock and roll classics such as Only the Lonely, Crying, In Dreams, and Oh, Pretty Woman, began his career with Sun Records of Memphis, Tennessee, along with other rock greats Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis. He had a string of hit singles that lasted from the late 1950s to the early 1960s before the combined effects of the British rock invasion and a series of personal tragedies brought about a decline in his career. Orbison kept performing on stage, however, and in the late 1970s and early 1980s his music began resurfacing in remakes by artists as varied as Linda Ronstadt, Don McLean, and Van Halen. In 1980 he had a country hit with duet partner Emmylou Harris, That Loving You Feeling Again ; the performance won the pair a Grammy Award. In 1986, the use of Orbisons eerily passionate In Dreams in the film Blue Velvet refocused attention on his music. At the time of his death from a heart attack at the age of fifty-two, Orbison was again on the charts as a member of the Traveling Wilburys, and had an album of his own, Mystery Girl, ready for release.

Orbison was born April 23, 1936, in Vernon, Texas. His family soon moved to Wink, Texas, where he spent most of his youth. Like many of the Souths rock pioneers, Orbisons earliest musical influences came from the sounds of country and gospel music; his intent was to become a country music performer. His father, who worked on oil rigs, taught him to play guitar when he was six years old. By the time Orbison was attending high school, he was the leader of the Wink Westerners, his own country group, and had his own show on a local radio station.

While attending North Texas State University, Orbison became acquainted with another fledgling singer, Pat Boone, who was also a student there. Boone encouraged him to continue with his musical efforts, and Orbison formed another band, with which he soon landed a television show in Midland, Texas. Through his television work and other musical activities, Orbison came into contact with country-rock artist Johnny Cash, who urged him to send a demonstration tape of his music to Sam Phillips, the head of Sun Records. Despite his primary interest in the mainstream country genre, Orbison sent Phillips the rock-oriented Oooby Dooby, because he thought it meshed better with the kind of songs Sun was producing at the time. Phillips liked what he heard, and in 1956, Oooby Dooby became Orbisons first hit.

But Orbison did not stay with Sun for long. Wesley Rose

For the Record

Born April 23, 1936, in vernon, Tex.; died of a massive heart attack, December 6, 1988, in Hendersonville, Tenn.; father was an oil field worker; mothers name, Nadine; married first wife, Claudette (died, 1966); married second wife, Barbara, 1969; children: (first marriage) Wesley, Roy Dwayne (died, 1968), Anthony (died, 1968); (second marriage) Roy Kelton, Alex. Education: Attended North Texas State University.

Worked on oil rigs as youth ; had own radio show and was leader of the Wink Westerners (country group), in Wink, Texas, as teenager; recording artist and concert performer, 1956; also recorded and performed (with Bob Dylan, Jeff Lynne, George Harrison, and Tom Petty) with group The Traveling Wilburys, 1988; hosted local television show in Midland, Texas, 1955; actor in motion pictures, including The Fastest Guitar Alive, 1965.

Awards: Grammy Award (with Emmylou Harris) for best country vocal performance by a duo or group, 1980, for That Loving You Feeling Again ; member of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame; member of Nashville Songwriters Association Hall of Fame.

of Acuff-Rose, a music publishing company, hired him as a staff writer in 1957. In this capacity Orbison wrote a major hit for the Everly Brothers, Claudette, which was inspired by his first wife, and a lesser success for Jerry Lee Lewis, Down the Line. His own ambitions as a singer had not diminished, however, and Rose arranged a recording contract for Orbison at Monument Records. On the Monument label he scored hits with 1960s Only the Lonely, 1961s Running Scared, 1962s Dream Baby, and many other songs. Orbison made concert tours throughout the United States and Europe; he was even more popular in England than he was in his own country. In 1963, he was the headliner for rock and roll shows that also featured a group whose members Orbison became friendly with, the Beatles, who were already a phenomenon in England but as yet unknown in America. It was for one of these shows that Orbison began wearing his trademark dark glasses while performing on stage. Suffering from poor eyesight, when the singer left his glasses on a plane, he had to wear his prescription sunglasses in order to see well. This new prop unfortunately led to a rumor among some of Orbisons fans that he was blind.

In 1965, after selling over seven million copies of his 1964 hit Oh, Pretty Woman, Orbison switched recording companies. He chose MGM because it would give him motion picture exposure as well as musical, and soon after he joined the company he made the film, Fastest Guitar Alive. Though his release of the single Ride Away was only a moderate success, there was nothing to indicate that Orbison would not continue to be a major part of the American popular music scene. In 1966, however, his wife Claudette was killed in a motorcycle accident while crossing an intersection moments after Orbison himself. To cope with his grief, Orbison buried himself in concert engagements, but did not do much in the way of writing or recording new material. He had no sooner begun to recover and to start new recording efforts when, in 1968, a house fire killed two of his sons while he was away on tour. By the time Orbison was ready to release records again, he had been so long away from the charts that his audience had dwindled.

Undaunted, Orbison continued to tour, especially in England and Europe, where his popularity had never waned. He remarried in 1969, to a German-born woman named Barbara who eventually became his manager. Orbison suffered another personal setback in 1978, however, when, after he collapsed from running up some stadium bleachers, it was discovered he needed coronary bypass surgery. He was determined to continue performing, though, and according to Jerome in another People article, told the woman who did the surgery, Make sure its a clean, pretty incision. I perform with my shirts open pretty far down.

Though the comeback album he made in 1979 following his operation was not particularly successful, Orbison did see success again in 1980, when his duet with Emmylou Harris won a Grammy Award. Recordings of his songs by other artists, and re-releases of his own recordings brought him back into demand as a concert performer in the United Statestwo nights before his death Orbison played to an appreciative audience in Akron, Ohio. Orbison had also achieved new success as a member of the Traveling Wilburys, a group that was filled out by ex-Beatle George Harrison, Tom Petty of the Heartbreakers, former Electric Light Orchestra member Jeff Lynne, and Bob Dylan. The Wilburys had a hit single, Handle With Care, and the album it came from, Volume One, reached number eight on the U.S. record charts. Orbison was in Tennessee visiting his mother when he died.

Selected discography

Major single releases

Oooby Dooby, Sun, 1956.

Uptown, Monument, 1960.

Only the Lonely, Monument, 1960.

Blue Angel, Monument, 1960.

Im Hurtin, Monument, 1960.

Running Scared, Monument, 1961.

Crying, Monument, 1961.

Candy Man, Monument, 1961.

Dream Baby, Monument, 1962.

The Crowd, Monument, 1962.

Workin For the Man, Monument, 1962.

Leah, Monument, 1962.

In Dreams, Monument, 1963.

Falling, Monument, 1963.

Mean Woman Blues, Monument, 1963.

Blue Bayou, Monument, 1963.

Pretty Paper, Monument, 1963.

Its Over, Monument, 1964.

Oh, Pretty Woman, Monument, 1964.

Goodnight, Monument, 1965.

Say Youre My Girl, Monument, 1965.

Let the Good Times Roll, Monument, 1965.

Ride Away, MGM, 1965.

Crawling Back, MGM, 1965.

BreakinUp Is Breakin My Heart, MGM, 1966.

Twinkle Toes, MGM, 1966.

Too Soon to Know, MGM, 1966.

Communication Breakdown, MGM, 1966.

Cry Softly, Lonely One, MGM, 1968.

(With Emmylou Harris) That Loving You Feeling Again, Warner Bros., 1980.

(With the Traveling Wilburys) Handle With Care, Warner Bros., 1988.

LPs

There Is Only One, MGM, 1965.

The Orbison Way, MGM, 1966.

The Classic, MGM, 1966.

Roy Orbison Sings Don Gibson, MGM, 1967.

Cry Softly, Lonely One, MGM, 1968.

Many Moods of Roy Orbison, MGM, 1969.

The Original Sound, Sun, 1970.

Memphis, MGM, 1973.

All Time Greatest Hits, Monument, 1973.

Laminar Flow, Elektra, 1979.

(With the Traveling Wilburys) Volume One, Warner Bros., 1988.

Mystery Girl, Elektra, 1989.

Sources

Periodicals

People, June 18, 1979.

Rolling Stone, January 26, 1989.

Obituaries

People, December 19, 1988.

San Jose Mercury News, December 7, 1988.

Elizabeth Thomas

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Orbison, Roy

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