Skip to main content

Orbay, François d'

Orbay, François d' (1631–97). Paris-born architect. He assisted Le Vau at the Château de Vincennes (1654–61), and after Le Vau's death executed the designs for the Escalier des Ambassadeurs (Ambassadors' Stair), Versailles (1674–80—derived from a design by Perrault of c.1667–8, but destroyed), and the Collège des Quatre Nations, Paris (1662–74—now the Institut de France). He became Hardouin-Mansart's draughtsman at Versailles and, according to some, he designed the garden elevations of the Palace there (begun 1668) as well as the Louvre colonnade, Paris (begun 1667), in which case he was a major figure in the evolution of the French Classical style of Louis Quatorze. He designed (drawing heavily on Bullet's work) the Arc de Triomphe du Peyrou, Montpellier (1690), built (1691–2) in modified form by Augustin-Charles d'Aviler (1653–1700)), and the Cathedral of Mountauban (1691–1739— with changes by Hardouin-Mansart).

Bibliography

Blunt (1982);
Hautecœur (1949);
Laprade (1960);
Jane Turner (1996)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Orbay, François d'." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Orbay, François d'." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/orbay-francois-d

"Orbay, François d'." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved October 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/orbay-francois-d

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.