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Red Queen effect

Red Queen effect An evolutionary principle, first proposed by L. Van Valen, that much of the evolution of a lineage consists simply of keeping up with environmental changes (mainly, tracking a deteriorating environment), rather than occupying or adapting to new environments. The name is derived from the Red Queen, in Lewis Carroll's Alice Through the Looking-Glass, who had to run as fast as she could just to stay in the same place. See also ROMER's RULE.

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Red Queen effect

Red Queen effect An evolutionary principle, first proposed in 1973 by L. Van Valen, that much of the evolution of a lineage consists simply of keeping up with environmental changes (mainly tracking a deteriorating environment), rather than occupying or adapting to new environments. The name is derived from the Red Queen in Lewis Carroll'sThrough the Looking-Glass, who had to run as fast as she could just to stay in the same place. See also Romer's rule.

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"Red Queen effect." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 May. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Red Queen effect." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/red-queen-effect

"Red Queen effect." A Dictionary of Ecology. . Retrieved May 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/red-queen-effect

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Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

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The Chicago Manual of Style

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American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
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