Wallmann, Margarethe 1904(?)-1992

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WALLMANN, Margarethe 1904(?)-1992

(Margarita Wallmann)

PERSONAL: Given name sometimes cited as "Margarete" or "Margherita"; born June 22, 1904 (some sources cite July 22, 1901), in Berlin, Germany (some sources cite Vienna, Austria); died May 2, 1992, in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Education: Studied ballet in Berlin, Germany, with Eugenia Eduardowa, and in Munich, Germany, with Heinrich Kröll and Anna Ornelli; studied in Dresden, Germany, with Mary Wigman, beginning 1923. Religion: Jewish.

CAREER: Member of touring dance company of Mary Wigman, 1920s; Wigman School, Berlin, Germany, director, beginning 1929; Dancers' Collective, founder, dancer, and choreographer, beginning 1930; Vienna State Opera, Vienna, Austria, choreographer and ballet director, 1933-39; Teatro Colón Ballet, Buenos Aires, Argentina, founder and affiliate, c. 1939-48; opera director in Milan, Italy, beginning 1949, and elsewhere, 1954-70s; director of opera productions in Monte Carlo, Monaco, beginning 1972.

AWARDS, HONORS: First prize, Third Dancers' Congress, Munich, Germany, 1930, for choreography of ballet Orpheus Dionysos; first prize for opera staging, Salzburg Festival; Toscanini Medal; Puccini Prize; Max Reinhardt Medal.


(Under name Margarita Wallmann) Les balcons du ciél, R. Laffont (Paris, France), 1976.



International Dictionary of Modern Dance, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1998.

International Dictionary of Opera, St. James Press (Detroit, MI), 1993.


Hi Fidelity/Musical American, March, 1955, W. Legge, "Opera on Three Fronts," p. 138; August, 1968, W. Weaver, "Maggio Musicale—A Dying Institution?," p. 28.

New York Times, October 11, 1964, E. Downes, "A Chic, Blond Dynamo," pp. 2-11.

Opera News, April 6, 1959, E. de Weerth, "Super-woman," p. 26; October 17, 1964, "Determined Lady," p. 14.*