HARBOR BREWING COMPANY
114-118 East Bay St.
South Harbor, MI 48840
This business plan illustrates the author's intention to purchase and renovate the assets and leases of an existing business and then establish and operate a microbrewery restaurant in its place. Look for a variety of financial information, including forecasts of operating costs, income, balance sheets, and cashflow, in addition to discussions of taxes and the history of brewing, and a listing of the menu contents and beers.
- summary of memorandum
- industry background
- general description
- management team
- marketing strategy
- federal tax discussion
- financial data
- supporting documents
- sources cited
SUMMARY OF MEMORANDUM
The Company: Harbor Brewing Company, LLC, a Michigan Limited Liability Company (the "Company") has been formed pursuant to the Operating Agreement attached hereto and to Michigan laws by filing articles of organization with the Michigan Department of Commerce. The Company will hold the lease on the properties at 114 through 118 East Bay Street in downtown South Harbor, Michigan. The initial mailing address of the Company will be Harbor Brewing Company, LLC, 711 Oak Street, South Harbor, MI 48840.
The sole business of the Company is to acquire the business assets (the "Business") from Lincoln Street Station (the "Seller") and the leases at 114 through 118 East Bay Street, South Harbor, MI, and to construct and operate a restaurant and brewery (the "brew-pub") to be called Harbor Brewing Company.
Managing Member: Olson Brewing Services, LLC (OGS) will be the Managing Member of the Company. Linnea and Mark Olson are the Managing Members of OBS which was formed on 10/17/94.
Company Duration: The Company shall continue until December 31, 2025, unless sooner terminated in accordance with the Dissolution Guidelines described in the Operating Agreement.
The Project: The project entails renovating, staffing, and operating a restaurant with an on-premise brewing facility. The Company intends to make necessary improvements to the existing restaurant, to build a brewery and two secondary fermentation rooms and to complete other Property renovations including, but not limited to, adding a second "show" bar and upgrading toilet facilities. See Section 1 for a description of the brew-pub concept and state of the industry.
Units Offered: The Managing Member is offering 21 units at $20,000 each to be paid at the time of execution of the Subscription Agreement.
Minimum Purchase per Investor: 1 Unit ($20,000), or at the sole discretion of the Managing Member, 1/2 Unit ($10,000).
Payment: Each Investing Member will pay $20,000 per Unit purchased upon execution of the Subscription Agreement.
Use of Proceeds: The estimated net proceeds of this offering ($420,000 including the Managing Member's Investment Capital of $ 10,000) will be used in conjunction with a loan from an Investing Member ($200,000) to purchase the Business, acquire the leases, construct the brewery, make necessary leasehold improvements, acquire operating assets, and finance the initial brew-pub operations (including, but not limited to, licensing, staffing, training, marketing, and working capital).
Other Anticipated Indebtedness: A note payable of $200,000 will be due an investing member of Harbor Brewing Company, LLC. The note will be secured by various unencumbered assets belonging to the Company. The note term is 60 months at a stated interest rate of 15%. Total monthly principal and interest payments are $4,758. Their first payment is not due until April 1, 1995.
Time Limit of Offering: The Partnership Offering will be terminated on February 15, 1995 if fewer than 21 units have been sold or if the Investing Member's loan cannot be secured. This termination data may be extended at the sole discretion of the Managing Member.
Management Fee : The Managing Member will receive as a management fee in 1995 5% of "gross sales revenue" in return for the Managing Member's management of the project. The management fee will increase to 6.5% in 1996, 7.5% in 1997, and 8.0% in 1998 and thereafter. (See Management Team section for a description of the Managing Member's roles and responsibilities in the daily operation of the brew-pub.)
Allocation of Partner Interest: The Investing Members shall be allocated 60% of the Company's Profits and Losses prorata based on their Units, and the Managing Member shall be allocated 40% of the Company's Profits and Losses.
Any Distributable Income shall be distributed with the Investing Members receiving 99% of such Distributable Income, prorata, based on their Capital Ratios, and the remaining 1% to be distributed to the Managing Member until the Change Date.
The Change Date occurs when the Investing Members have received distributions of a) an amount equal to 15% per annum of the Capital Contributions and b) an amount equal their Capital Contributions. After the Change Date, Distributable Income shall be distributed with the Investing Members receiving 60% of such Distributable Income and the Managing Member receiving the remaining 40%. After 5 years, the Investing Member has the option to Put and the Managing Member has the option to Call the Units.
All cash and profit distributions will be made out of Distributable Funds, which will come from net income from brew-pub operations and other cash available from non-cash expenses (deductions) relating to amortization and depreciation.
Net income (loss) allocated to each Investing Member will constitute taxable income to said Investing Member, except as to any portion of Distributable Income which may not be taxable owing to deductions for amortization, depreciation and similar noncash tax deduction items.
Brewing in America: A Brief Recent History
Before Prohibition began in 1920, the quality and variety of beer brewed in America rivaled that of the great brewing nations of Europe. With thousands of breweries in operation across the country supplying each region with its own distinctive styles, almost every town had a beer it could call its own.
Unfortunately for the American beer drinker, the only breweries to survive Prohibition were the very large commercial breweries that could convert their existing operations to the production of non-alcoholic malt products. When they resumed brewery operations in 1933, they went in search of a single beer style that was cheap to make, easy to drink, and would appeal to the greatest number of people. The variety, character (and some would argue, quality) was gone from the American beer market.
The tide began to turn in 1979 when a law was passed that legalized the home brewing of beer. This touched off the beer renaissance that is currently sweeping the country. Then in 1983, California passed a law permitting breweries to brew and sell beer directly to the customer (without going through a distributor).
Since that time, home brewers, micro breweries, and brew-pubs have been reintroducing to the American palate the wide variety of styles and flavors available through the small scale production of high quality, hand-crafted beers, brewed naturally, and served fresh. As more and more Americans have come to demand this variety and quality, microbrewers have found an expanding and lucrative niche in an otherwise stagnant beer market.
Attitudes towards beer drinking have also undergone major changes over the couple of decades. Today's craft beer drinkers are not attracted to loud, smoke-filled, cheap-beer bars, but are instead looking for a comfortable, conversational pub atmosphere where they can take their families, meet their friends, and have a good conversation over a great pint of beer.
Michigan is somewhat of a late-comer to the brew-pub scene, since brew-pubs were legalized here only two years ago. Brew-pubs are just now beginning to pop up throughout the state, with facilities currently in operation in Grand Rapids and Detroit.
The wide selection of microbrewed beers available in bars, restaurants, and liquor stores throughout the South Harbor area, together with the growing home-brew supply industry in the area, is a testament to the strong local demand for good, fresh beer that is really brewed the old-fashioned way. For the past two years, South Harbor has been anxiously awaiting the grand-opening of its first brew-pub. Harbor Brewing Company hopes to meet that demand by opening its doors within the next six months.
Brewing in America: Current State of the Industry
1993 (the most recent year for which statistics are available) was a record-breaking year for brew-pubs and micro-breweries across the country. The craft-brewing industry produced over 1.6 million barrels in '93 which is a 40% increase in total taxable output from the previous year. This increased the market share for this segment from .6% to .9% of total beer consumption (Edgar, 1994).
The Institute for Brewing Studies' (IBS) 1994 Industry Review (Edgar, 1994) predicts that 1994 figures will show another banner year with a 30% to 40% increase in craft-brewing industry sales. The number of craft-breweries has grown from 30 to 382 since 1985. The majority of the early growth took place on the West Coast, with the East Coast following close behind. In recent years, the establishment of brew-pubs has followed new legislation through the Mountain and Plains states and finally, into the North Central (or Midwest) region which has enjoyed a period of incredible growth over the past several years.
The table below illustrates growth in sales for craft-brewers in the North Central Region during 1993.
|1993 Sales Growth Percentages for the North Central Region|
|Location||Brewery Name (Micro or Pub)||% Growth in 1993|
|Iowa||Brandevor/Dubuque Brewing Co. (Micro)||(5)|
|Iowa||Millstream Brewing Co. (Micro)||(20)|
|Michigan||Frankenmuth Brewery (Micro)||20|
|Michigan||Kalamazoo Brewing Co. (Micro)||106|
|Minnesota||Sherlock's Home (Pub)||16|
|Minnesota||Summit Brewing Co. (Micro)||42|
|Minnesota||James Page Brewing Co. (Micro)||15|
|Ohio||Great Lakes Brewing Company (Pub)||69|
|Ohio||Hoster Brewing Co. (Pub)||29|
|Ohio||Columbus Brewing Co. (Micro)||31|
|Wisconsin||Water Street Brewery (Pub)||196|
|Wisconsin||The Brewmaster's Pub (Pub)||1|
|Wisconsin||Appleton Brewing Co. (Pub)||13|
|Wisconsin||Cherryland Brewing Co. (Pub)||17|
|Wisconsin||Rowland's Calumet Brewery (Pub)||46|
|Wisconsin||Lakefront Brewery (Micro)||68|
|Average Growth in the Region||34|
(Adapted with permission from The New Brewer May/June 1994. Copyright held by The Institute for Brewing Studies, Boulder, CO.)
Given this incredible growth, it is not surprising that restaurant sales for beer have been increasing in the 1990s. In fact, a recent study published by the National Restaurant Association (Chapdelaine, 1994) states that the number of restaurant patrons drinking beer with food is increasing, despite a decline in overall alcohol consumption.
Specifically, the Restaurant Association study found that the beers being ordered are expensive, premium-quality craft-brewed beers. According to the National Restaurant Association (Chapdelaine, 1994), consumers will not only order, but also tend to be willing to pay more for menu items that they perceive to be new, popular, or of premium quality. The heightened demand for this product can be explained by the fact that micro-brewed beer meets all three of these criteria:
- Locally produced, hand-crafted beers are still a novelty in many areas (like South Harbor) that do not yet have any brew-pubs or micro-breweries.
- A 1993 Roper Starch Worldwide Study (cited by Chapdelaine, 1994) found that half of all adult consumers believe that locally brewed beer is "in."
- According to the National Restaurant Association (Chapdelaine, 1994), locally brewed beer is perceived as fresher and of higher quality.
According to the IBS, "the boom is happening for micro and specialty brewers and it may be a decade or two before it begins to level off." (Edgar, 1994).
Atmosphere and Decor
Harbor Brewing Company hopes to be South Harbor's first brew-pub-serving up a hearty bistro pub menu and five varieties of house-brewed beer on tap. Its spacious and unique interior will offer the warm familiarity and rustic charm of a British pub.
The brew-pub will be located in two beautiful old buildings with hardwood floors, brick walls, high tin ceilings, and large front windows. The space is currently divided by the buildings' original brick wall into a large restaurant area and a smaller bar area.
The large restaurant side will be called the "Brew Room." It will be an airy, open non-smoking space focused around the brewery itself. It will have hardwood floors and will be decorated with antique brewery posters, oak barrels, and other paraphernalia from breweries and brewpubs, and a large mural of the Harbor Brewing Company's logo on the back wall. It will have seating for 100 including 20 bar seats.
The "Tap Room" will be a smaller, darker, cozier space with hardwood floors, dart boards, several TVs and a traditional English pub atmosphere. One wall will be painted with a large storyboard depicting the brewing process. Smoking will be permitted in the Tap Room. It will seat 50, including 12 bar seats.
Focus on Brewing
The focal point of the brew-pub will be the brewing process and the brewery itself. This 400 square foot glass and wood encased room will be built in the center of the Brew Room. It will be flanked by a full service bar and surrounded by tables. The brewery will house seven stainless steel vessels whose shiny finish will be highlighted by amber-colored floodlights on the ceiling. Customers will be able to observe the brewer at work during the day and will be offered guided educational tours of the brewing facility in the evening.
Harbor Brewing Company plans to offer more than just a great place to eat and drink. Its goal is to be a gathering place for all beer lovers—from the connoisseur to the curious. The Managing Member plans on tapping into the growing market of home-brewers by sponsoring a monthly home-brewers meeting to be held at the Pub. It also plans on entering the brewpub's beer in local and national competitions to boost name recognition and reputation in the industry.
For the more casual beer enthusiast, the brew-pub will provide a variety of entertaining and educational events like regular brewery tours, bi-weekly lunch with the brewer, weekly beer classes, regularly scheduled tastings, and a variety of special events on famous "beerdrinking holidays" like Oktoberfest and St. Patrick's Day.
The menu (found in Supporting Documents) offers a terrific balance of interesting appetizers, traditional bar food, hearty entrees, vegetarian and vegan fare, and some unique dishes with a gourmet touch. There is something for every taste, including low fat appetizers and salads (like a fresh fruit and veggie tray, garlic toast with diced peppers and tomatoes, or strawberry marinated chicken salad) as well as vegetarian dishes (all pasta and salad entrees will be available with or without meat).
In addition to the five pub-brewed beers, the brew-pub plans to offer at least 10 other microbrewed draught beers from around the country to cover styles of beer that it does not produce in-house. It also plans to carry an extensive array of bottled hand-crafted and imported beers, representing the classic styles from around the world. It plans to offer a varied wine list, gourmet coffees, and an extensive selection of top-of-the-line liquors.
Hours of Operation
The proposed hours for the brew-pub are 11 a.m. to midnight Monday through Wednesday, 11 a.m. to 2 a.m. Thursday through Saturday, and noon to midnight on Sunday. The kitchen is expected to serve items from the bar menu from opening time until one hour before closing time, entree items from 5 p.m. to 10 p.m., and all other items from opening to 10 p.m.
Background music will be provided by a stereo system controlled from behind the bar. The Managing Member has begun collecting an assortment of blues, jazz, and new age music.
The Tap Room will air sporting events on a large screen and two ceiling-mounted televisions. During major events, the music will be turned off and the television sound turned up in the Tap Room. The brew-pub plans to stay open until midnight to accommodate the Sunday and Monday night football crowd.
On special occasions, the brew-pub may feature traditional live acoustic music (like Irish folk music on St. Patrick's Day). The Managing Member does not envision a stage but rather plans on providing live acoustic music in the Irish/British tradition of seating musicians at a large table among the patrons.
There will be real dart boards in the pub which will be used for leagues and tournaments.
And of course, Harbor Brewing Company will feature the master brewer in action Monday through Saturday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.
The age, education, and affluence of South Harbor's diverse population makes it an ideal market for a brew-pub. Consumer Reports on Eating Share Trends (CREST) data (cited by Chapdelaine, 1994) reveal that affluent and educated Americans eat out more frequently, are more likely to order beer at restaurants, and are more likely to drink regular (non-light) beer than other consumers. This group is also more likely to order beer than wine, liquor, or sparkling wine.
According to the 1990 census report, South Harbor is comprised largely of students, professionals, and service industry employees. The University of South Harbor provides the city with a large pre- and post-graduate student population. The University is also the largest employer in the city with more than 16,000 employees. The University Medical Center employs another 9,600 doctors and professional medical staff. South Harbor is also home to major corporations.
The 1990 census reports that almost half of South Harbor's employed population hold professional or managerial positions: 24% are clerical or in sales; 17% have blue collar jobs; and .5% are in agriculture. Only 3.6% of South Harborites are unemployed. The median family income is $50,192 with the effective buying income (personal income minus tax and non-tax payments) at $29,515 (versus $27,912 nationally). $246 million dollars a year of this buying income is spent in bars and restaurants in the South Harbor area.
South Harbor's education level also ranks well above the national average. 94% of the population has a high school diploma and 66% have four or more years of college (compared to 20% nationally).
The median age of South Harborites is 27.3 (compared to the national median of 33.0) and 35% of the population is between the ages of 25 to 44, the target age group of micro and pubbreweries.
According to a recent study by the National Restaurant Association, these demographics are ideal for supporting a brew-pub. The study (Chapdelaine, 1994) found that higher incomes and higher educational levels were a major factor in determining who orders beer at restaurants. From 1989 to 1993, the percentage of individuals with annual household incomes of $60,000 or more who ordered beers at restaurants rose from 15% to 25%. The study also found that the largest group of beer drinkers (40%) hold some sort of professional or managerial job while only 22% are blue collar workers.
Given these statistics, South Harbor is sure to attract a growing number of craft brewers. The area's ideal demographics easily could—and most likely will ~ support multiple brew-pubs. Harbor Brewing Company's goal is to be the one that opens it doors first and sets the high standard for those that will follow.
Harbor Brewing Company will be ideally located on the waterfront in downtown South Harbor, allowing it to draw from the downtown merchants, diners, shoppers, area businesses, the student population, art fair traffic, and the many sports fans, conventioneers, and business visitors who come to the area.
The downtown area is a very exciting location for a brew-pub. The trend in South Harbor, as in many other towns and cities across the country, is for retail to gradually move from the downtown area out to local malls and shopping strips. In some cities, this leads to the decline of the downtown. In others, like South Harbor, the newly vacated shops are gobbled up by restaurants, night-clubs, and other entertainment-style tenants creating a thriving destination location that can draw from a much wider population radius.
According to a recent article in the South Harbor News, "Restaurants, coffee houses, art galleries, and other non-clothing retailers are the major drawing card these days." However, the article continues, "[l]oss of vitality isn't an issue, because people - including many customers from outside of the county - continue to flock downtown." The recent addition of new restaurants like the Barbecue Pit and an expressed interest from clubs like the Harbor Music Cafe should also help to draw precisely the market segment the brew-pub is targeting.
In addition to an overall downtown growth trend, the brew-pub's specific location (East Bay St. between Main and Fifth) has recently benefitted from a $2.7 million Downtown Development Authority (DDA) project which replaced the old gray concrete sidewalks in front of the proposed brew-pub site with wider brick walkways. The project also included planting new trees and installing new street lights. Rachel Berg, DDA coordinator for the project, pointed out that "restaurants in the area will be able to set up tables on the widened sidewalks in the spring and summer for a cafe atmosphere." Harbor Brewing Company's location has already received permission from the city to set up outdoor seating along East Bay Street.
Those familiar with South Harbor know that one of the most frequently cited complaints regarding downtown establishments is the lack of convenient parking nearby. Harbor Brewing Company is located directly across the street from a 245-space parking structure, and three blocks away from 199-space and 883-space ramps (at Lincoln & First and Fourth & Adams respectively). (Parking data is from the October 1992 South Harbor City Administrator resolution Agreement for Management of the South Harbor Municipal Parking System.)
The Managing Member views the competition to be the local bistro/bar business. The South Harbor restaurant market is extremely competitive, and success is dependent on many factors including, but not limited to, location, price, food, quality, beer quality, consistency, service, ambiance, general concept, and management.
Although the South Harbor market is quite competitive, the Managing Member believes that Harbor Brewing Company should have a huge advantage over existing area restaurants in that it offers a very popular item not currently available any where in the South Harbor area — premium quality, hand-crafted beer brewed, lagered, and served on the premises.
The Managing Member, OBS, will be providing full-time management and brewing services for the Company.
Linnea Olson - General Manager is a Managing Member of OBS. She will be responsible for the restaurant operations and promotional and marketing activities.
While working as a consultant in the computer industry, Linnea designed and implemented decision support software systems to track and analyze employee effectiveness, monitor and control the quality and cost of long-term care services, and offer timely project status reports to systems management.
She also has five years of experience in technical writing, desktop publishing and graphic design and will further contribute to the project by handling the design and layout of menus, T-shirts, print ads, and promotional materials.
Linnea also brings to the project five years of experience in the food service industry including managing a 30-person staff at a student dining facility which served over 2,000 meals a day.
Mark Olson - Brewery Manager is a Managing Member and Treasurer of OBS. He will be responsible for brewery operations and all financial aspects of the project.
Mark has five years of experience in the healthcare consulting industry with the MED Group. As the Data Center Team Leader, Mark is responsible for managing the delivery of contracted client services within budgetary constraints and the development of the Data Center staff reporting to him. Mark also acts as Account Manager for two large clients with ultimate responsibility for customer satisfaction, service delivery, margins, and contract renewals.
Mark has traveled extensively throughout Europe and the U.S. touring breweries and brewpubs. He has been a student of beer styles and the brewing process since 1988.
Mark has been brewing for four years and is a member of the IB S. In September, he completed the Pub and Micro-Brewery Operations course at the Siebel Institute of Technology in Chicago. This consisted of hands-on training with a brew master as well as instructors from the Siebel Institute in a high-output suburban Chicago brew-pub. Mark will also be receiving training through the equipment supplier for the Company on the equipment that is being purchased.
Lynn Rogers - Operations Manager —Lynn has accepted a position "at will" with the Company to serve as operations consultant during the planning and start-up phase of the project and as Operations Manager thereafter. She will be responsible for planning, stocking, staffing, and managing both bars. She will also hire, train, and schedule wait staff.
Lynn brings to the project 25 years of restaurant experience including several new restaurant openings, 13 years of management experience, and the successful implementation of specialized menus, tastings, and staff seminars at establishments including The Harbor Hotel and CJ.'s. She also brings a proven and professional management style and a wealth of knowledge in the area of fine wines and liquor.
Matthew Hewit - Executive Chef/Kitchen Manager —Matthew has accepted a position "at will" with the Company to serve as menu and kitchen consultant during the planning and start-up phase of the project and as Kitchen Manager/Executive Chef thereafter. He will be responsible for designing, costing, and implementing the menu; working with contractors to redesign and equip the kitchen and storage areas; hiring, training, managing and scheduling the kitchen staff; and managing all ordering and inventory for the kitchen.
Matthew brings to the project over 15 years of experience cooking and managing in the South Harbor restaurant market. During this time he has served as Chef and/or Kitchen Manager in successful restaurants and food service operations including Heritage Inn, the Corktown Bistro, and Babette's Feast. In addition to his good name and experience, Matthew brings to the project a great deal of professionalism and knowledge of the local market and competition.
The personnel in the restaurant business is a critical factor in the eventual success or failure of the business. With this in mind, the management staff will be bringing proven individuals with them to fill key service positions such as bartending and cooking.
Beyond these positions, the Company will be looking to hire a more mature, professional wait staff that will team with management to ensure success by providing an excellent environment and service to the customers. The Managing Member hopes to achieve this "buy-in" from the staff by involving them in the decision-making process, implementing an employee suggestion program to get input on marketing, promotions, and specials, and by treating the staff like the important asset they are in making this business a success.
For the kitchen staff, the Managing Member plans to contact the South Harbor Area Chef's Association and local culinary programs to find young people who plan to make a career in the restaurant business. By drawing from this personnel pool, it would be able to hire people who are enthusiastic, eager to learn, and concerned with establishing a good employment record in the area.
People who have spent time in South Harbor know that the most interesting, and perhaps most important characteristics of the local population are not measured by the census bureau's reports. South Harbor offers a unique blend of the cosmopolitan and the collegiate that draws community-oriented residents who are interested in education, the environment, history, and culture.
Harbor Brewing Company will attempt to cater to these interests by offering more than a great brew-pub where people can come to relax and converse over great food and beer. It will also offer a place where people can come to learn more about beer and the brewing process. It will offer a variety of tours and tasting events where people can learns about the styles and the history of beer. In addition to beer tastings, the brew-pub plans to offer find wine and Scotch tastings.
The Managing Member also hopes to establish the brew-pub in the local market by becoming part of the fabric of South Harbor. It intends to make the brew-pub a "local" pub in every sense of the word: a place that the community will be proud to call its own. It believes that by opening the first brew-pub in town, owned and operated by local entrepreneurs, the Company will have a great advantage over subsequent brew-pub operations.
There has been much talk and anticipation of a brew-pub opening in South Harbor during the past two years. Advertising before the opening will primarily be by word of mouth and should require only very limited capital output.
The South Harbor restaurant market is undergoing a renaissance with the recent openings of the Barbecue Pit and CJ.'s and the anticipated (and two years overdue) opening of the Grizzly Bear Brewing Company. New restaurants have attracted a great deal of attention and anticipation during the past two years. Harbor Brewing Company should attract the same attention if not more so because South Harbor is anxiously awaiting a brew-pub and many rumors are already circulating through the restaurant and patron community as to alleged brew-pubs in progress.
To enhance this excitement, as soon as the Company has secured the building and contracted the appropriate licensing bodies, T-shirts will be printed up with "coming soon on the front and Harbor Brewing Company logo on the back. These will be sold at cost to friends, co-workers, neighbors, and supporters. Renovations should also be visible from the street outside the restaurant to involve passers-by with the project and its progress, thereby further heightening the excitement.
The Managing Member plans to open the brew-pub without a lot of formal fanfare and expects it to be extremely busy in the early going due to local anticipation. After approximately two months, when the initial novelty has worn off and the staff is experienced and confident, the Managing Member plans to begin an aggressive marketing campaign including a formal Grand Opening.
In preparation for the Grand Opening, postcards promoting the Grand Opening will be sent to friends, neighbors, co-workers, Ultimate Frisbee teams, home-brewers, the Company's professional team, and to households in the area. These postcards will be redeemable at the Grand Opening for a discount on a Beer Sampler Set. Flyers will also be printed up and posted around area campuses. To reach a good portion of the target market while integrating with the community, the Company anticipates donating part of the Grand Opening proceeds to WUSH-FM public radio in South Harbor, in return for two weeks of advertisement time.
The Grand Opening will be an Opening Weekend rather than just a single day. The opening will span a Friday, Saturday, and Sunday. The Thursday before the opening, the brew-pub will sponsor a media event targeting radio, newspapers, and TV in and around South Harbor and nearby Chicago. Two weeks prior to the Media Event, the Managing Member plans to send Media Kits containing fact sheets, bios, industry background and the history of brewing in South Harbor. The kits will also contain coasters or T-shirts with the Harbor Brewing Company logo, press releases, sidebar copy, and tables and graphs related to the industry. The media will be invited to schedule times on Thursday to come in and receive a full brewery tour and complimentary tasting with the Brewer. The Managing Member and the kitchen and operations managers also plan to be available for interviews following the tasting.
Ongoing advertising strategies to ensure long-term success are to advertise through local media outlets (like The South Harbor News and WUSH-FM public radio), join the South Harbor Convention and Visitors Bureau, place brochures with coupons in all area hotels, send flyers with coupons advertising lunch specials to businesses in South Harbor and advertise in alternative media.
Harbor Brewing Company will also be promoting several special events throughout the year such as beer tastings, seasonal festivals, brewer's lunches, etc. It may offer one monthly charity tank where non-profit clubs and organizations (like sports teams, travel clubs, home-brewers clubs) could keep a specified percentage of the revenue earned on a specific tank of beer during an evening. They would be encouraged to bring in as many customers as possible to help support their cause. This would boost business on slow nights and introduce more people to the pub.
Other promotional campaigns include sponsoring one men's and one women's softball team by providing them with uniforms bearing the Harbor Brewing Company logo in return for their business and support; and sponsoring a bar dart league and a dart team to compete in the South Harbor Dart Association. These are ways of bringing patrons to the restaurant on nights that are traditionally slower while at the same time building community affiliations.
FEDERAL TAX DISCUSSION
The Company will be taxed as a partnership. Instead of corporation income taxes, the members of the Company will be taxed on their proportionate share of the Company's taxable income. Therefore, no provision or liability for Federal income taxes has been included in these forecasted financial statements.
The Company is expected to distribute, at a minimum, an estimated amount of cash necessary to cover income taxes incurred by the individual members on taxable profits of the Company. It is anticipated that the Company will distribute 99% of distributable income to investing members and 1% to the organizing member, Olson Brewing Services, until such time that the investors have received all of their original capital back plus an effective 15% annual rate of return. Michigan single business tax is included in the forecast as an administrative expense.
The State Bar of Michigan has submitted the Michigan Limited Liability Company Act to the national office of the Internal Revenue Service with a request for a published ruling as to the classification for tax purposes of Michigan LLCs. A published ruling has not been provided by the IRS. The IRS has informally expressed concern regarding the continuity of life provisions of the Michigan statute. It is contemplated that a technical correction to the Michigan statute will be proposed to alleviate the IRS's concern, which could be incorporated into the Operating Agreement of the Company. The risk of forming an LLC prior to the IRS resolving its concern is that if the LLC is formed and it is determined to be taxed as a corporation, liquidating and distributing corporate assets could cause adverse tax consequences. Lack of an IRS ruling has not delayed action by many businesses in forming and operating LLCs under the Michigan law.
The discussion set forth above does not address the state, local, or foreign tax aspects of an investment in the Units. The discussion is based on currently existing provisions of the code, existing and proposed Treasury regulations there under and current Administrative rulings and court decisions. All of the foregoing are subject to change and any such changes could affect the continuing validity of this discussion. Each prospective investor should consult his or her own tax advisor with respect to the specific tax consequences of an investment in the Units to such person, including the application and effect of state, local, and foreign tax laws and possible effects of changes in federal laws or other tax laws.
Forecasted Balance Sheets
|Total Current Assets||152,274||187,014||176,979||168,051||143,517|
|Furniture & Fixtures||36,997||31,997||26,997||21,997||16,997|
|Less Accum. Depr.||(181,834)||(139,155)||(98,476)||(59,798)||(23,119)|
|Deferred Charge Net||64,067||70,267||76,467||82,667||88,867|
|Liabilities & Capital|
|Total Current Liab.||82,218||116,834||106,915||97,462||72,621|
|Note Payable Member||0||13,924||64,711||108,464||146,158|
|Total L-T Debt||0||13,924||64,711||108,464||146,158|
|Total Liabs & Capital||$544,627||$608,245||$625,089||$641,040||$639,384|
Forecasted Statement of Income
|Cost of Sales||1,292,128||1,246,963||1,196,899||1,144,815||776,654|
|Other Operating Expenses|
|Non controllable Costs||206,256||199,047||192,128||184,585||127,278|
|Non operating Income (Expense)|
|Retail Sales Commissions||7,468||7,251||6,992||6,733||4,428|
Forecasted Statement of Cash Flows
|Cash Flow From Operating Activities|
|Net Income (Loss)||$215,404||$192,194||$183,492||$181,357||$86,440|
|Items in net income not requiring (providing) cash from operations in the current period:|
|Cash provided by (used for) working capital|
|Net cash provided by operations||264,944||240,516||230,903||232,642||124,813|
|Cash Flows From Investment Activities|
|Purchase of PPE||(20,000)||(20,000)||(20,000)||(20,000)||(405,120)|
|Purch. Liq. Lic.||0||0||0||0||(20,000)|
|Purch. of Intangibles||0||0||0||0||(65,000)|
|Pay't of Deposits||0||0||0||0||(5,000)|
|Repay't of Deposit||0||0||0||0||0|
|Pay't of Deferred Charges||0||0||0||0||(28,000)|
|Net cash (used by) provided for investment|
|Cash Flow from Financing Activities|
|Repay't of 1-t debt||(50,787)||(43,753)||(37,694)||(32,474)||(21,368)|
|Capital Contributions -Cash||0||0||0||0||420,000|
|Distribution to investor members||(129,243)||(166,488)||(163,491)||(165,180)||(84,976)|
|Distribution to management members||(101,240)||(1,682)||(1,651)||(1,668)||(858)|
|Net cash provided for (used by) financing||(281,269)||(211,923)||(202,837)||(199,322)||512,797|
|Increase (decrease) in cash||(36,325)||8,592||8,066||13,320||114,490|
|Beg Cash Balance||144,469||135,876||127,810||114,490||0|
|Ending Cash Balance||$108,144||$144,469||$135,876||$127,810||114,490|
|Supplemental Disclosure of Cash Flow Information|
|Cash paid during the year for|
Disclosure of Accounting Policies
For purposes of the Statement of Cash Flows, the Company considers cash on hand, funds on deposit in banks, money market funds, certificates of deposit and similar types of deposits to be as equivalents.
Forecasted Changes in Members' Contributed Capital
|Capital Cont'n Cash||0||0||0||0||420,000|
Forecasted Sales & Cost of Sales
|Beverage - beer||527,828||507,380||489,260||471,139||309,849|
|Beverage - other||320,770||308,344||297,331||286,319||188,301|
|Cost of Sales|
|Front of House - hrly||269,277||261,434||252,097||242,760||164,443|
|Kitchen - hrly||128,067||124,337||119,896||120,953||79,546|
|Benefits & Taxes||94,541||84,257||85,561||83,707||60,004|
Forecasted Direct Variable Costs & Operating Costs
|Direct Variable Costs|
|China & Expendable||13,070||12,689||12,236||11,783||7,749|
|Credit Card Charges||10,642||10,333||9,963||12,793||10,517|
|Utilities - Gas||20,725||20,121||19,403||18,645||11,070|
|Utilities - Electric||60,681||58,913||56,809||54,705||35,978|
|Utilities - Water||4,099||3,983||3,867||3,718||2,375|
|Promotion & Advert||12,509||12,509||12,509||9,828||6,750|
|Building - R&M||18,671||18,127||17,480||16,832||11,070|
|Equipment - R&M||16,804||16,314||15,732||15,149||9,963|
Forecasted Non controllable Fixed Costs
|Noncontrollable Fixed Costs|
|Liability Ins. - Liquor||8,929||8,677||8,424||8,112||4,985|
|Liability Ins. - General||14,900||14,478||14,056||13,516||9,997|
|Prof'l Service - Other||3,000||3,000||3,000||3,000||1,500|
|Prof 'l Service - Acctg||4,800||4,800||4,800||4,800||3,692|
|Prof'l Service - Legal||1,248||1,248||1,248||1,248||828|
|Dues & Subs||230||217||217||217||150|
|Licenses & Permits||3,183||3,003||3,003||3,003||2,079|
|Pers. Property Tax||3,445||3,250||3,250||3,250||2,500|
|Real Property Tax||5,069||5,069||4,921||4,732||3,150|
|Single Business Tax||18,661||17,999||17,343||16,897||10,438|
|Other Income (Expenses)|
|Retail Sales Commissions||7,468||7,251||6,992||6,733||4,428|
|Interest - Member Note||(6,309)||(13,343)||(19,402)||(24,622)||(21,454)|
Forecasted Property and Equipment Purchases
|Furniture & Fixtures||5,000||5,000||5,000||5,000||16,997|
|Kitch. & Brew. Equip.||15,000||15,000||15,000||15,000||213,123|
Forecasted Financial Ratios
|Net Working Capital||$70,056||$70,180||$70,064||$70,589||$70,896|
|Funds Management Ratios and Days|
|Accts Recv Turnover||153.0||152.7||152.8||181.0||150.0|
|Days in Accts. Rec.||2||2||2||2||2|
|Days in Inventory||20||20||20||19||16|
|Accts Pay Turnover||15.9||16.0||15.9||18.0||15.7|
|Days in Accts Payable||23||23||23||20||18|
|Return on Sales||11.42%||10.60%||10.50%||10.77%||7.81%|
|Return on Assets||37.37%||31.17%||28.98%||28.33%||27.04%|
|Return on Equity||45.84%||41.29%||41.30%||42.39%||41.10%|
Forecasted Sources and Uses of Funds
|Sources of Funds|
|Capital Contributed by Investing members||410,000|
|Capital Contributed by Managing member (Olson Brewing Services)||10,000|
|Use of Funds|
|Purchase of East Bay Street Station||185,000|
|Additional Working Capital||50,000|
|Kitchen Equipment Improvements||45,000|
|Legal and Accounting||11,000|
|Furniture & Fixture Upgrade||5,000|
Forecasted Annual Pretax and After-tax Cash Return on Investment per investor
|One Unit Investment|
|Cash Return of Capital (4)||0||2496||2605||2750||1615|
|Cash distrib's of profit (4)||6305||5625||5370||5308||2530|
|Total pretax cash flow||6305||8121||7975||8058||4145|
|Tax (cost) (3)||(2232)||(1991)||(1901)||(1879)||(896)|
|Total after-tax cash flow||4073||6130||6074||6179||3250|
|Pretax cash on cash|
|Return on invest. (2)||59.85%||43.17%||34.35%||28.87%||12.65%|
|After-tax cash on cash|
|Return on invest. (2)||57.66%||46.61%||38.85%||33.61%||16.25%|
|Total forecasted pretax distribution per investor unit is:||$34,604|
|Total forecasted after-tax cash distribution per investor unit is:||25,705|
|Total forecasted return of capital cash distribution per investor unit is:||9,466|
|Forecasted capital account balance as of December 31, 1999 is:||10,534|
- Assumes a total of 21 units of which 20.5 units will be offered to investors
- Cash on cash return on investment is equal to the total cash flow divided by the inital investment less any return of capital.
- Assumes a 31% federal income tax rate and a 4.4% state tax rate.
- Assumes a 60% profit sharing ratio and a 99% cash distribution ratio until investors receive a total cash distribution equal to their capital investment plus an effective 15% annual return.
Upon receipt of cash equal to investment plus an effective 15% retun on annual return, the cash sharing ratio will be in proportion to the 60% profit sharing ratio. The forecast tyhis will occur in the last quarter of 1998.
Standard House Beer List
Ever since studying in Germany, our brewmaster has had a love affair with Pilsner style beers. Pilsners are the hardest to make and (in his opinion) the most rewarding to taste. Our Prussian Pilsner is actually modeled after Pilsner Urquell, the original Pilsner from the city of Plzen in the Czech Republic. The Prussian Pilsner has a light golden color and rich maltiness, which separates it from the less malty German Pilsners. The best way to describe the Czech style is to say that it has a little more of everything - sweetness, bitterness, and hop nose - than the more commonplace German and North American pilsners.
Red Dragon Special Bitter
The Red Dragon is brewed after the British "Special Bitter" style. This is a truly memorable bitter with a depth of hop taste and acidity in the palate and finish. The Dragon is a clear, deep red brew with medium carbonation and a well-balanced, understated bouquet.
This fresh, sunny wheat beer is made with 50% wheat and 50% barley, giving it a clean light body and clove-like aroma. In addition to being a great thirst quencher and attitude adjuster, Weiss beer (the breakfast beer of Bavaria) has long been heralded by Germans for its health benefits. The special wheat beer yeast suspended in every pint contains a wealth of vitamin B complexes, trace mineral elements and protein compounds.
O'Faolain-Fest Irish Stout
You'll be surprised by this smooth, easy drinking Irish Stout. Like a true Irish Stout, the O'Faolain-Fest is light bodied, low in alcohol, and very, very creamy. It has a hop bitterness in the nose and taste and a rich coffee-like roasted barley flavor. Our Stout is a sociable brew that lubricates the wit. After a couple of pints of the O'Faolain-Fest, you'll realize that it's the Stout, not the Blarney Stone, that gives the Irish their gift for storytelling.
Brewing tradition holds that when the weather is uncertain, stronger beers are made. Thus it is customary to bring in the tumultuous Spring season with a good Bock beer. For centuries, Bock beer was also served in European monasteries as a food supplement during Lent while the Monks were fasting. While Bocks cover a wide range of colors and characteristics, our Spring Bock is a strong, pale, malty beer with a hint of sweetness. The Spring Bock makes a wonderful dessert beer.
Bamberg Beer is the perfect drink to go with summertime smoked barbecue fare. The tradition of smoked beer started in the small brewing town of Bamberg, Germany. The makings in Bamberg actually use beechwood fires to kiln the malt. The smoke from the beechwood saturates the malt which gives the final beer a very mellow smoky flavor. This beer goes great with food, but is also enjoyed as a stand-alone experience.
Our Oktoberfest is a Marzen style beer. Marzen (or March) beer dates back to the time in Germany when March was the last month for brewing before the warmth of summer would bring out the wild yeasts and higher temperatures, wreaking havoc on developing beers. The March batch would be consumed during the summer months and whatever was left in storage would be ceremonially consumed in the fall.
The Oktoberfest celebration itself was conceived in 1810 to celebrate the betrothal of the Crown Prince of Bavaria. The "weekend" get-together was so enjoyable and the beer so fabulous, that the reception ran for 16 days.
Beware the Brewmeister! A Doppelbock is first and foremost a strong beer. The strongest beer produced in German breweries, it is likely to have an alcohol content of greater than 6.8% by volume. The first Doppelbock was brewed by the monks of St. Francis of Paula in 1634 to serve as "liquid bread" during lent. This original Doppelbock is called the Paulaner Salvator. This style of beer is full, round, and malty. It boasts a dense head, a powerful aroma, a rich start, and a long, chewy, malty finish. This one is sure to keep you warm during the long, cold, South Harbor winter.
Spicy eggplant and caper salsa on crisp garlic Italian bread rounds.
Fresh hot pretzel with beer radish mustard and melted cheese.
Chips and Homemade Salsa
A great starter, add $ 1.00 for guacamole or black bean dip.
Crunchy Fruit and Veggie Plate
Assorted fresh fruits and veggies and homemade dips.
Beer Battered Chicken Wings
Crispy golden brown with ranch, BBQ, or honey mustard sauce.
New Orleans Style BBQ Shrimp
Tangy peel-and-eat shrimp served with plenty of crusty bread.
A unique spicy chicken wing all the way from Jamaica, mon.
New Hampshire Codfish Cakes
Potatoes, cod fillets and onion rolled in pancake flour and browned.
Smothered with black beans, scallions, peppers, salsa, and cheese.
Brewer's Beer Rocks
Potato dough stuffed with cabbage and sausage and baked to a golden brown.
Bread and Cheese Plate
McDougal Style served with Tempeh Pate, Curried Bean Spread, Indian Lentil Spread, and Tofu Scallion Cream Cheese. Traditional Style served with Crusty breads and stinky cheeses.
Crisp thin fries tossed with fresh garlic.
Classic Pub Fries
Straight from the Isles, sliced thick and served hot.
McDougal Baked Potato Patties
Herbed potato patties breaded and baked to a golden brown.
Homemade and hand-dipped in our own beer batter.
Soups and Stews
Southwestern style chili with black beans and shredded beef.
McDougal's Bean & Rice
Spicy, garlicky black beans and brown rice.
Beer & Onion Soup
This hearty, zesty soup is made with our own famous Red Dragon.
White Bean & Shredded Chicken Chili
A brewhouse favorite. Try it with a crisp cold lager.
A great warm-me-up made from homemade vegetable stock.
An old world favorite with sausage, tomatoes, and spices.
Porcini Pepper Pasta
Cognac, Parmesan cheese, pepper and parsley combined in a creamy porcini sauce and tossed with linguini.
A zesty Italian tomato sauce with hot Italian sausage, served over corkscrew pasta with freshly grated parmesan cheese.
Chicken Pepper Pesto
Traditional garlic and basil pesto, sauteed green peppers and onions, grilled chicken breast served over a bed of linguini.
McDougal's Pesto Pasta Salad
Firm fettucini tossed in delicious pesto sauce made without the oil.
Spinach Tortellini Salad
We toss a bushel of steamed vegetables in a zesty orange and thyme balsamic vinaigrette, and heap over a platter of spinach tortellini.
Strawberry Marinated Chicken Salad
Crisp romaine lettuce tossed with grapes, green apples, cheddar cheese, red onions, and scallions and topped with grilled marinated chicken breast, fresh strawberries, and our own strawberry poppy seed dressing.
Trail Mix Salad
A garden variety of greens tossed with sweet red onions, red and green peppers, grapes, raisins, pinenuts, dried cherries and cranberries. Served with raspberry vinaigrette.
Grilled chicken or beef, onions, peppers, black beans, and tomatoes served on a crisp bed of lettuce in an edible bowl.
Tossed fresh, served with crunchy garlic croutons. Add marinated shrimp, chicken, or steak for a delicious main course.
NOTE: All salads available with shrimp, chicken, or steak.
Dilled Roast Beef
Roast Beef, sweet pickles, sweet red onions, topped with cucumber dill sauce and served on a caraway rye roll.
Turkey, ham, bacon, lettuce, and tomato served on your choice of toasted white, wheat, or rye.
Grilled Chicken Breast
Tender chicken breast marinated and grilled to perfection, served with your choice of toppings.
Onions and peppers sauteed in homemade pesto sauce and served on a grilled chicken breast with parmesan cheese.
Mushrooms, onions, peppers, zucchini, and tomatoes - marinated, grilled and served in a hollowed baguette.
1/4 or 1/2 pound of fresh ground beef, grilled to order and served with any 3 of our delicious toppings.
Meatless patty made with soy grains, nuts, and spices, and served with any three toppings.
Hot shredded beef smothered n tangy BBQ sauce and served on a warm sourdough baguette.
Smoked Chicken with Brie
Roasted red peppers, smoked chicken and brie on baguette.
Chunk tuna and caponata salsa served on crusty bread.
Italian Caponata Submarine
Italian Cold cuts, lettuce, tomatoes, and caponata salsa served on fresh Italian bread.
Fish 'n' Chips
A pub classic. Beer battered cod fillets served with fries.
Beer Boiled Corned Beef
Juicy, tender, and delicious, served with our famous horseradish and garlic mashed potatoes and a side salad.
Garbanzo Shepherd's Pie
This lighter interpretation of an old pub favorite leaves more room for beer!
Greek Tavern Chicken and Rice
Pennsylvania Dutch Stuffed Onions
Whole sweet Vidalias, stuffed with spicy sausage and baked in a house lager sauce.
Red Snapper Fish Tacos
Tender red snapper on a soft taco with all the trimmings.
Turkeyless a la King
This is a delicious McDougal interpretation with only 6g of fat.
Ask your server about today's fresh veggie quiche.
Corned Beef Hash Bash
Sure to be a South Harbor favorite, homemade, and served with bread and a side salad.
Creole Stuffed Chicken Breasts
Authentic German bratwurst and Italian sausage marinated in our secret blend of onions, garlic, Stout and spices. Grilled and served with a sourdough baguette and 3 of your favorite toppings.
Chocolate Mocha Stout Cake
The O'Faolain-Fest Irish Stout gives this cake a rich texture and smooth coffee flavor. Try it with a stout or a specialty coffee drink!
New York Style Cheesecake
With or without strawberries, this rich and creamy cheesecake is the brewer's choice - no menu is complete without it.
McDougal's Apple Crisp
Baked tart apples and sweet brown sugar and cinnamon. If you prefer your desserts a little more sinful, add a scoop of silky French vanilla ice cream.
Or Try One of Our Dessert Drinks!
Aidells, B. and Kelly, D. 1992. Real Beer and Good Eats: The Rebirth of America's Beer and Food Traditions. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc.
Chapdelaine, S. Premium Beer on the Menu Can Brew Up Business. Restaurants USA vol. 14 no. 7 (August 1994) 42-44.
Edgar, D. 1994 Industry Review; Out-of-This-World Growth. The New Brewer vol. 11 no. 3 (May-June 1994) 11-40.
——. 1994 ed. North American Brewers Resource Directory. Boulder: Brewers Publications.
FIU. The Real Failure Rate of Restaurants. Hospitality Review Fall 1991.
University of Michigan and Cornell Researchers. Failure Rate Better than Expected. Restaurant Hospitality March 1992.
JUNIPER CREEK BREWING COMPANY
777 Main St.
Troy, MI 48333
This business plan for a microbrewery explains the development of a brewery from the ground up. It explains elements of the brewing process, including the brewhouse, barrels, keg filler, and malt, hops, and other supplies; the necessary machinery and laboratory equipment; expenses, such as start-up, insurance, rent, and overhead; the need for a skilled brewmaster and the attendant costs; and the other crucial components of production. It also features considerations of market segment, competition, and regulations.
- statement of purpose
- company description
- market segment
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE
The Juniper Creek Brewing Company is a small scale microbrewery that will be located in Troy, Michigan. The brewery will occupy the back 3600 square feet of 777 Main Street. This is a new business in the start-up phase. Recent changes in Michigan law have made microbrewing legal. Due to certain tax advantages available only to microbrewers, it is profitable as well. By definition a microbrewer is one that brews less than 20,000 barrels per year. Juniper Creek Brewery plans to start production at 3120 barrels and with phased expansion grow to 7500 barrels over five years.
Initial plans are to produce one product that shall be an amber-style ale. This beer will be sold in kegs to a local distributor for resale to the tri-county draught beer market. In-house sales of beer as well as take-out sales are also planned. Tours and sampling will be offered.
The long-term goals of the Juniper Creek Brewing Company are to slowly add capacity up to the constraints of the site (7500 BBL). A second product is planned once the market has accepted the initial ale offering. This second product will be a lager beer. Specialty and seasonal brews will also be crafted once the business is up and running. These types of beers sell quickly and are usually quite popular. In addition, specialty "house" beers will be brewed and labeled for local taverns.
Juniper Creek Brewing Company is a small scale microbrewery located in Troy, Michigan. It occupies a one-floor, light-industrial building at 777 Main Street. The building is divided into three business sections. Juniper Creek Brewery will occupy the back section, which is approximately 3600 square feet and faces Water Street. The brewery will produce up to 3120 barrels of beer per year in its initial design. There are the capacity and space available to expand to 7500 barrels per year. Initial plans are to produce one product that shall be an amber-style ale.
The Juniper Creek Brewing Company is incorporated in the State of Michigan as a sub-chapter S Corporation. The Internal Revenue Service has officially accepted Juniper Creek Brewery's election as an S-Corporation as of January 10, 1994. The corporation is currently in the investigation stage by the State Liquor Control Commission. In addition, application materials have been sent to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms. Their investigation has yet to commence. These two investigations, once complete will result in the issuance of a Brewers License and a Brewers Notice respectively.
Key vendors have been identified and quotes obtained. Cost figures for equipment, inventory, building renovation, and labor have been identified and figured into the business plan. Production costs have been calculated, product pricing has been estimated, and profit potential has been approximated. A tentative lease has been written up, but it is not yet signed.
The legal name of the corporation is Juniper Creek Brewing Company. The company was incorporated in the State of Michigan in 1993. The corporation has also registered a DBA or "Doing Business As" under "Juniper Creek Brewery". The Internal Revenue Service has issued an Employer Identification Number which is 67-2488907, issued 10/5/93.
The project will be funded with primarily debt financing. A loan will be sought through First of Michigan Bank, Troy. First of Michigan will finance approximately 75% of the project, with Juniper Creek Brewery financing the remainder. The start-up project costs, which includes capital equipment, initial inventory, building renovations, and working capital, total approximately $250,000.
Amount of Funds Sought : $250,000
Basic Use of Funds Sought:
- To acquire brewing equipment, supplies, and inventory
- To reconstruct portions of the building and bring in the necessary utilities.
- To make the building meet local zoning requirements.
- To provide working capital.
- To purchase initial inventory (1 month supply or 60 barrels).
The Juniper Creek Brewing Company will initially produce one product. This will be an ale product, along the lines of an Amber Ale. The beer will be produced continuously throughout the year, with a targeted weekly production of 60 barrels. This will result in two weekly batch runs of 30 barrels each. Bottling and kegging operations will be done on nonbrewing days. The initial yearly volume of the brewery will be 3120 BBL with room for expansion to 7500.
The brewery will be open to the public for tours and sampling. The hours of operation will be from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Beer will be offered for sale on the premises as well as take-out. Kegged beer will be sold to Johnson & Sons Distributors for further sale to retail outlets. Sales will be in half barrels, quarter barrels, cases of bottles, and six-packs.
The brewery has targeted the tri-county area surrounding Troy (Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne) as the main market area for sales. The population demographic of this area is well-suited to beer sales.
It is important to note that the microbrewing industry is now in its second decade. As of June 1993 there were more than 320 micro- and pub-breweries in the United States. The breakdown more precisely is 110 microbreweries and 210 brewpubs. These combined producers of craft-brewed beer account for only 0.6% of domestic beer sales. Total U.S. beer sales were 180,770,000 barrels of which 1,204,000 barrels were from microbreweries, reflecting growth of 41% for the microbreweries over the large domestic brewers. It is important to note the failure rate for microbreweries is 1 in 4 whereas for small business start-ups it is 1 in 2.
In a ranking of the top five U.S. counties with populations of 1 million or more, based on per capita income, Oakland county ranks third highest. The per capita income for Oakland county is $21,125. In addition, Oakland county is ranked first in Michigan in per capita income. Oakland county is ranked as the 28th largest county in the United States with a population of 1,083,592, according to the 1990 census.
Beerkeg sales of domestic beer from the large breweries, specifically Anheuser-Busch, Miller Brewing, and Coors vary in price, as often beer specials and promotions are underway as these companies vie for the mass market consumer. Their sales prices reflect this in generally a lower price than a microbrewed beer.
Miller Brewing Company commonly sells 1/2 barrels for $50.00 a piece. This includes their flagship brands, Miller and Miller Lite, as well as Genuine Draft. Beer prices have increased in 1994 with half-kegs of Budweiser now selling at $63.00 per half barrel.
"Old Detroit," a microbrewed beer from Detroit-Mackinac, is selling for $62.00 per half-keg, while Frankenmuth's Pilsnerisat $76.00 per half-barrel. Frankenmuth is Michigan's largest and most well-known microbrewery. The Juniper Creek Brewery is targeting the bar/restaurant draught beer sales.
The largest competitive advantage for the microbrewery is the demographic population shift to Oakland county, coupled with the rise of the Troy area as a retail and dining magnet. The Troy area boasts some of the areas finest eating and drinking establishments with more of the same coming into the area. Juniper Creek Brewing Company will be highly visible with its product in most area bars and nightclubs, as well as in retail stores.
The sheer uniqueness of the business coupled with the great superiority of the product quality and flavor all contribute towards a winning formula for success. On either coast of the United States brewpubs and microbreweries are growing and succeeding at a rapid clip due to demands of the public, which is looking for superior flavor, high quality, and moderate price.
The microbrewery has decided to locate in Troy, in the heart of Oakland county. This was a purposeful decision. In Oakland County, in 1993, 19,000 jobs were created, representing 2 out of every 3 new jobs in the state. In addition, 60% of all foreign money invested in Michigan is in Oakland county. One third of all the research and development money is in this county. There are 36,000 businesses in Oakland county, including 200 of the Fortune 500. The population shift and pursuant demand for goods and services is in full swing in the Troy area.
The Chrysler Tech Center alone has 7000 jobs, with General Motors putting 4000 jobs into Pontiac. The I-75 corridor is becoming know as "Automation alley" with all the robotics, plastics, computers, and R&D companies located there. Over 51% of state robotic sales emanate from Oakland county.
The business success here is due to the diversity of government services, the availability of land and office space, and the competitive costs to do business. Michigan is leading all northern industrial states in terms of economic growth as well.
Oakland University is investing 38.5 million dollars in their new science and technology center. Oakland Community College will design tailor-made training programs for existing and newly-created high tech businesses to attract them. There are 53,000 students currently enrolled in Oakland University.
The quality of life here is highly sought after, with over 450 lakes; 100 golf courses; 87,000 acres of parkland; ski resorts; the Pistons; the Lions; and Cranbrook & museums.
Major firms represented in Oakland County
Michigan National Corp.
Perry Drugs Stores
Thorn Apple Valley
The Budd Company
Juniper Creek Brewing Company will market their products through two different avenues. The first will focus on the sales of kegged beer to draught accounts throughout the Metro Detroit area. The marketing in this area involves the use of Point-of-Sale (POS) materials such as posters, table tents, tap handles, buttons, tee-shirts, etc. In the initial product roll-out, extensive use of our distributor Johnson & Sons Inc.'s experience and account knowledge will be made.
Area bars and restaurants will be provided POS materials appropriate to their ability to sell the product. Tap handles will also be provided. Tap handles cost approximately $10 each, and will be purchased through Taps 'R' Us, Window Lake, Wisconsin. Posters and table tents range in price based on quantities ordered. These will be procured through a local printer.
The second marketing thrust will be for sales of bottled beer through retail outlets. Once again, POS materials are necessary, although with differing needs. Posters and shelf markers, as well as posters and vinyl stickers will be used. These will also be procured through a local printer.
The microbrewery will be managed by Kate Bannister. Ms. Bannister will be in charge of production planning, purchasing, inventory control, quality control and accounts payable. Ms. Bannister has experience in all of the above areas through her working background in business. She will be assisted by Patrick O'Connor, her spouse.
Sales will be handled by Patrick O'Connor, who has extensive management experience. Mr. O'Connor has a B.S. degree in Engineering from Boston University as well as a Masters degree in Business Administration from Michigan State University. He is also a member of the Institute for Brewing Studies. The I.B.S. is an educational association for micro- and pub-brewers. He has attended the Siebel Institute of Technology's "Mierobrewery and Pub Brewery Operations Course" Nov. 15-19, 1993, in Chicago. This class was given in a working brewery for an entire week.
Operations will be handled jointly by management and the brewmaster. The brewmaster will be hired in the near future. The person for the job will be a graduate from one of the nations brewing schools who has worked under a Master brewmaster for 2-4 years. Candidates are always available, as there are more brewers looking for work than there are openings. Juniper Creek Brewery will have the luxury of being very selective to identify the perfect candidate for the job and for the right price. The brewhouse supplier has offered to assist in the interviewing process. Candidates are available through a resume service offered by the Institute for Brewing Studies and through trade journal advertising.
Cash requirements for start-up include the following elements
- Working Capital
- Percentage of capitalization costs
- Initial Inventories
Overhead costs are made up of the following elements
The brewery is renting a portion of an 11,000 square foot building located at 777 Main St., Troy, Michigan. The brewery will rent 3600 square feet of the available floor space on a single floor. The building is semi-industrial in nature with the proper utilities necessary for the successful operation of a mierobrewery.
The brewery will share the building with two other established businesses. In the first third of the building, which fronts Main Street, is occupied by Troy Hardware. The middle section of the building is occupied by The High Rise Bakery. It is anticipated that brewery operations will not be affected by any of the other businesses' operations, nor will the brewery affect the other businesses.
The lease is intended to function and operate as a triple net lease, with the brewery responsible for its pro rata portion of real estate taxes, insurance, and operating expenses. The approximate cost of the lease is $2,000 per month inclusive.
In addition to the insurance included in the lease, the brewery is responsible for certain business insurances. These additional insurances are liability (includes State mandated liquor liability), workmans' compensation, and contents insurance. The policy will through the Sheister & Sheister Agency, Troy, Michigan at a yearly cost of $6,000.
Start-up costs include improvements made to the building which are necessary for brewing operations. This includes bringing water, electric, and natural gas into the building to where the brewhouse equipment will be located. In addition, floor drains and waste water handling improvements are necessary. The build-out costs are broken down into a labor component and a supply component.
Initial inventories for one month of brewing are also included in the start-up costs. Malt, hops, yeast, and cleaning supplies are included in this amount. After start-up, inventory costs will be handled on a month-to-month basis.
Electrical : For wiring of pumps, solenoids, temperature controller, natural gas burner control panel, and refrigeration unit. Calvin Electrical, Oakland, Michigan will be used. Approximate cost is under $1,000.
Natural Gas : Installation of a natural gas line to the Mash/Brew Kettle at a flow rate of 12 cubic feet per minute at minimum 5 inch water column. Westchester Mechanical, Oakland, Michigan will be used at an approximate cost under $500.
Water : Bring in city water to brewhouse at a flow rate of 25 gallons per minute at a minimum of 30 PSI. Westchester Mechanical will do this at the same time as the gas line is installed.
Rigger : Material handling equipment to unload and set tanks in place. Cambridge Supplies, Oak Park, Michigan will provide these services for under $1,000.
Gas : Oxygen, carbon dioxide, and controls need to be provided. The gas canisters and controls will be provided by CJO Gas. Oxygen tanks are for lease for $100 plus $11 per fill (501b). Carbon dioxide tanks are for lease at $160 plus $18 per fill (501b.)
HVAC : The burner exhaust and steam vents must be vented to the outside through the roof. This work will be done by Martin Heating and Cooling at an approximate cost of $1,000.
Refrigeration System : A walk-in refrigeration system is necessary for keeping the kegged beercold. The walk-in is 20' by 25', 10.5' tall., and cooled by a 4 HP 230 V three phase motor. This includes an 84" door. Glycol is used to chill the unit. The entire system will be installed by Pontiac Refrigeration, Pontiac, Michigan.
Start-Up Cost Summary
|Malt 60 bags/wk × 4 weeks @ $15.00 per 50 Ib bag|
Hops 1.25 boxes/wk × 4 weeks @ $45.00 per 44 Ib box
|Barley Malt (1 month supply)||$3600|
|Hops (1 month supply)||$240|
|Wagecosts: Brewmaster |
Base pay $30,000 year
|Brewmaster will cost approximately $3000 per month.|
The beer will be produced in a 15 barrel brewhouse supplied by JV Northwest, Wilsonville, Oregon. The various parts of the brewhouse are described as follows:
The first step in brewing is to mix the cracked malted barley with hot water in the mash/lauter tun, which produces "mash." The mash tun is a double-walled vessel crafted from polished stainless steel with fiberglass insulation and a top double door. A side manway makes grain removal easy. Standard features include a vee wire screen, complete drainage, a temperature well and sparging fittings. A sweet, clear liquid called "wort" is filtered out of the mash and transferred to the brewkettle.
The brewkettle is constructed similarly to the mash tun, featuring double-wall stainless steel with fiberglass insulation. The wort in the kettle is brought to a rolling boil and some hops are added early to provide a mild bitterness. Other hops (finishing hops) are added later to give a fine aroma. The hot wort is cooled to fermentation temperature through a heat exchanger. The heat removed from the wort is transferred to water, which is stored in a large tank called a hot liquor tank. This hot water is used constantly over and over again, either in cleaning, sterilization, or to fill the mash tun.
The cold wort is transferred to the fermented. Yeast is added and fermentation begins. Fermenters are also know as uni-tanks. The fermenters Juniper Creek Brewery will use are double-wall stainless steel with dished heads and conical bottoms. The cooling jacket has automatic temperature control. The uni-tanks have sample ports as well as temperature controls, a pressure manifold, and adjustable legs. During fermentation the brewers yeast transforms the sweet wort into a flavorful solution containing alcohol and carbon dioxide. After fermentation, the green beer is aged to develop its final smooth taste.
Once the beer is aged properly, in our case after 14 days, it is filtered to remove yeast and to clarify the beer. After filtration the finished beer is stored in a bright beer tank (serving tank or tax tank) until it is ready to be served, bottled, or kegged. At this point the beer is at the height of its freshness and full of flavor.
The brewhouse is supplied by JV Northwest, Wilsonville, Oregon. JV Northwest is one of the leading suppliers of brewing equipment throughout the United States and Canada. The brewhouse will be a 15-barrel turnkey system complete with all tanks, hoses, fittings, controls, and gauges to brew 3120 barrels of ale per year. Each additional fermentation tank adds 780 barrels more production. Expansion can reach 7500 barrels per year with the 15 barrel brewkettle. Juniper Creek Brewery plans expansion in year 2 as well as year 3. The initial cost of the brewhouse is $175,000.
JV Northwest includes in their sales price extensive consultation services. These services include working with all trade groups by phone as well as a site visit. In addition, in consultation with our brewmaster, JVNW will provide formulation for up to four brands of beer or ale. Formulation will include instructions for wort production, yeasting, control of fermentation, aging of beer, etc. Additionally, up to five days of start-up assistance by a qualified brewer will be provided.
Barrels will be bought from SABCO Industries, Toledo, Ohio. Initial plans are to buy 500 barrels, which will provide a four-week barrel supply when brewing to capacity. Cost per barrel is $27.90 for a standard Hoff-Stevens keg. Total barrel cost is $13,950.
A semi-automatic single valve keg washing, sanitizing, and filling machine will be bought from I.D. Distributions, Thousand Oaks, California. Called the Mini-King, it is a complete washer/sterilizing/racking machine complete with detergent and water supply system, include dual compartment tank, stainless steel pumps, heater dosing system, and controls. The machine can fill up to 30 half kegs per hour, therefore it is estimated kegging operations for 60 barrels weekly production will take a minimum of 4 hours, and most likely complete in one working day. The cost of the Mini-King is $13,750.
The laboratory equipment necessary for proper testing and evaluation of the beer throughout the brewing and fermentation process includes the following items:
Microscope, for counting yeast cells.
Hydrometer, for measuring specific gravity.
PH meter, accurate to 0.01 of a unit, plus combination electrode suitable for use with wort and fermentation products.
These will be purchased from Cole-Parmer Instrument Company, Niles, Illinois. Cost for the above, plus any incidental supplies, is approximately $2000.
Malted barley is the primary ingredient by which beer is produced. The malt will be supplied by Briess Malting Company, Chilton, Wisconsin. Briess is one of the national premier maltsters, with the ability to ensure timely delivery and consistent quality of the mal product.
Malt one packaged in 501b. bags. Each brew will consume 15 bags. 60 bags will be used weekly at a cost of $900/week, or in other terms, $225 per brew.
Hops will be bought from John I. Haas and Company, Yakima, Washington. Like Briess maltsters, Haas and Company enjoys the reputation of being a national leader in hop production. The ingredient suppliers were chosen for their known reputations of timely delivery as well as consistent and known quality.
Each brew will use 7.5 lbs. of hops at a cost of $15.00 per brew or $60 per week.
Yeast & Additives
Yeast, beer clarifiers, stabilizers, finings, cleaning supplies, as well as laboratory and technical services will be purchased from J.E. Siebel Sons, Chicago, Illinois.
Cleansing and Sanitation
The proper cleaning and sanitation levels necessary to meet strict health department guidelines will be achieved through the use of Orasan, (previously Huwa-San). Orasan is a new, complex compound of highly concentrated oxygen carriers, stabilizing agents on an acid base, and synergistically acting trace elements. It is superior to chlorine in its ability to kill germs, is completely safe for human and animal consumption, and will not create adverse environmental conditions. The advantages to using Orasan is no unpleasant taste; no odor; disinfects by separation of oxygen; assisted by trace elements; long-term effect; single application for long distance water conduits; not harmful to pipes and installations; water doesn't foam in it; and it is heat resistant and efficacious in hot water. Orasan is supplied by International Connection, Inc., Kewaskum, Wiscosin.
Sheet filters will be used to filter the fresh beer. From one to two pad filters are used per barrel brewed, resulting in a cost of approximately $0.80 - $1.20 per barrel. This type of filtering is easy to operate, easy to clean and sanitize. It leaves no particulate matter in the beer and is suitable for aseptic filtration. Sheet filters will be obtained from Siebel Company, Chicago, Illinois.
Regulation of microbreweries is done in many ways. The Department of the Treasury through the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms regulates and collects Federal excise tax. The State of Michigan Liquor Control Commission collects state excise tax. In addition, the state Department of Agriculture inspects and licenses facilities. Local ordinances must be followed as well.
Michigan label requirements state that the brewery must adopt Federal Alcohol Administration labeling regulations. In Michigan this means the label cannot state the alcohol content. In addition, the product label must have federal approval. Product samples must be analyzed and a registration number of approval assigned before the product can be sold in the state. Once the label has federal approval, two samples of 12-ounce bottles must be submitted as well as one set of loose labels. A special provision requires the refund value of the container and the name of the state to be clearly indicated on the label.
Taxes & Deposits
A keg deposit is required upon sale of the keg. The deposit for Michigan is $10. Bottle deposits are $.10 per bottle.
The state beer tax rate for Michigan is $6.30 per 31 gallon barrel. In-state brewers receive a rebate of tax on beer shipped outside of the state. The tax per case of 24 12oz. bottles is $.4645.
Beer may only be shipped from the brewery to a licensed wholesaler. If beer sales are made out-of-state, then a special seller's license is required. It costs $1000. A bond is required of the brewery of either $1000 or 1/2 of the total excise taxes paid in the last calendar year, whichever is greater. Shipping brewers must pay taxes twice monthly. In addition, a monthly report of shipments is required.
The brewery shall grant each wholesaler with a written agreement and designate a specific sales territory. The brewery may not fix, maintain, or establish the resale price. The wholesaler may not sell outside his sales territory. The brewery may not terminate, cancel, refuse to renew, or discontinue an agreement, except for good cause, and must afford the wholesaler 30 days in which to submit a plan of corrective action to comply with the agreement and an additional 90 days to cure such noncompliance.