Protestant Old Testament scholar and Hebrew grammarian who contributed to the development of Pentateuchal criticism in the early years of the 20th century; b. Hardegsen, near Göttingen, Germany, February 17, 1869; d. Greifswald, Germany, March 4, 1958. Following upon the work of J. Wellhausen, Steuernagel's general introduction to the Bible and series of monographs arrested the attention of scholars for more than a decade [see Theologische Rundschau 1–11 (1897 or 1898–1908)]. He published his critical commentary on Deuteronomy in 1898, a work he revised in 1923. In 1903 Steuernagel published the first edition of his Hebrew grammar; that the work subsequently passed through many editions, including posthumous publication, attested to its popularity. In 1912 he published his voluminous and detailed Lehrbuch der Einleitung in das Alte Testament. He edited surveys of Hauran and the northern Transjordan by G. Schumacher, as well as the account of the same scholar's work at Tell el-Mutesellim, the site of ancient megiddo. For a quarter of a century he edited the Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins, a learned review of contemporary research in Palestine. Professor Steuernagel was attached to the Evangelical theological faculties of the Universities of Halle, Breslau, and, finally, Greifswald.
Bibliography: m. noth, Zeitschrift des deutschen Palästinavereins 74 (1958) 1–3. w. schmauch, Theologische Literaturzeitung 83 (1958) 547–550.
[t. w. buckley]