Old Testament First and older section of the Bible, originally written in Hebrew or Aramaic, and accepted as religiously inspired and sacred by both Jews and Christians. Among Jews it is known as the Hebrew Bible. It begins with the creation, but the main theme of the Old Testament is the history of the Hebrews. In addition, there are many examples of prophetic writing, poetry, and short narrative tales. It comprises the Pentateuch or Torah (Genesis to Deuteronomy); the Historical Books (Joshua to I and II Kings); the Wisdom Books (Job, Proverbs, and Ecclesiastes); the Major Prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel); the 12 Minor Prophets (Hosea to Malachi); and the miscellaneous collection known as the Writings (including Psalms and the Song of Songs). Sometimes included is a collection of books written in the final three centuries bc, known as the Apocrypha. The number, order, and names of the books of the Old Testament vary between the Jewish and Christian traditions; texts for both are based mainly on the Septuagint. Parts of the ancient Hebrew text were found among the Dead Sea Scrolls. See also Law and the Prophets
Old Tes·ta·ment • n. the first part of the Christian Bible, comprising thirty-nine books and corresponding approximately to the Hebrew Bible. Most of the books were originally written in Hebrew, some in Aramaic, between about 1200 and 100 bc. They comprise the chief texts of the law, history, prophecy, and wisdom literature of the ancient people of Israel.
Old Testament. Christian name for the Jewish scriptures (see TANACH) which form the first part of the Bible. In Roman Catholic usage the deuterocanonical books are included.
More From encyclopedia.com
Bible , As the Christian movement spread into the gentile world, it was but natural that the current Greek version of their inherited Scripture became their… Julius Wellhausen , Julius Wellhausen Julius Wellhausen (1844-1918), an important nineteenth-century scholar, was a historian, linguist, and textual critic. He devoted h… Daniel (Bible prophet) , PROPHET This article is limited to the Biblical notion of prophet. For general information and bibliography, see prophetism (in the bible). The etymo… Hebrew Language , Major official language of the State of Israel. Hebrew is the national language of the Jewish population of Israel (about 5 million) and the mother t… Micah (bible Book) , Micah. Sixth book in the collection of Minor Prophets in the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament. The prophet was a native of the Southern K… Hebrews , Hebrews Term that is found chiefly in the Biblical traditions concerning the 2d millennium b.c., and then, apparently after centuries of desuetude, r…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 24 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like