Samuel ben Azariah

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SAMUEL BEN AZARIAH (13th century), *exilarch in *Baghdad. Samuel b. Azariah was the grandson of *Samuel, the exilarch of Baghdad, and the last exilarch under the *Abbasid dynasty. During the period of his office the *Mongols conquered Baghdad (1258). He retained his position under their rule and was even appointed as adviser to Īl-Khan Hulagu, the Mongolian ruler who conquered Baghdad. It is not known until when Samuel remained in office.


Kobak, in: Jeschurun, 6 (1868), 29–34; Mann, in: Sefer Zikkaron … S.A. Poznański (1927), 24–25; Goode, in: jqr, 31 (1940/41), 167–8.

[Abraham David]