Liebermann, Carl Theodor

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LIEBERMANN, CARL THEODOR (1842–1914), German organic chemist. He did research in his native Berlin with Adolf von Baeyer, and in 1873 succeeded him as professor at the Gewerbeinstitut, which grew into the Berlin Technische Hochschule. Liebermann's main field was dyestuffs, and he worked out the synthesis of alizarin, an industry which came to be worth hundreds of millions of marks to Germany. He worked on azo dyes, naphthalene, naphthoquinone, anthracene, chrysene, and the constitution of natural dyestuffs. He also worked on alkaloids. A list of his numerous publications was collected in the Festschrift produced in honor of his 70th birthday. Liebermann was president of the German Chemical Society.


Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft, 48 (1915), 4f.; Wallach, ibid., 51 (1918), 1135–60; Bistrzycki, in: Chemiker Zeitung, 39 (1915), 165–7.

[Samuel Aaron Miller]