Skip to main content

Liebert (Levy), Arthur


LIEBERT (Levy ), ARTHUR (1878–1946), German philosopher. Born in Berlin, he was coeditor of Kant-Studien, the publication of the Kant Society. From 1925 to 1933 he was professor of philosophy at the High School for Commercial Sciences, Berlin. When the Nazis came to power, he moved to Belgrade. There he founded and edited Philosophia, which appeared from 1936 to 1938. Its purpose was to unite around him the anti-Nazi philosophers. During World War ii Liebert lived in England; shortly after the end of the war, he returned to Berlin where he died in 1946. Liebert's philosophy developed from that of the neo-Kantian Marburg school, led by Hermann *Cohen. Liebert's own contribution was that he attached great importance to the concept of "value." Philosophers should be concerned with the "evaluation" of being, and not only its existence. Reality not only exists, but "value" is found in it: it symbolizes something, and its own purpose is concealed in it. Liebert regarded metaphysics as necessary for investigating the totality of being. Through reason's dialectical activity, a metaphysical system is built up, but it can never achieve perfection. In this process, spirit and reason are the basic foundation of life itself. Liebert's major works include Das Problem der Geltung (1914), Der Geltungswert der Metaphysik (1915), Vom Geist der Revolutionen (1919), Die geistige Krisis der Gegenwart (1923), Die Krise des Idealismus (1936), Der universale Humanismus (1946), and Von der Pflicht der Philosophie in unserer Zeit (1938).

[Aaron Gruenhut]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Liebert (Levy), Arthur." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 17 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Liebert (Levy), Arthur." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 17, 2019).

"Liebert (Levy), Arthur." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.