Skip to main content

Heinrich, Johann Baptist

HEINRICH, JOHANN BAPTIST

Neo-Thomist theologian; b. Mainz, April 15, 1816;d. Mainz, Feb. 9, 1891. He studied law at Giessen and on Dec. 27, 1837 received a doctor's diploma in both civil and Canon law. In 1840 he began a teaching career in law at the University of Giessen. He was attracted to the ministry and in 184243 pursued a course of theology in the universities of Tübingen and Freiburg im Breisgau. He entered the seminary at Mainz in 1844, was ordained the following year, and was first assigned to the cathedral at Mainz. In 1851 he became professor of dogmatic theology at the seminary of that diocese. While he continued to teach he received other appointments in the diocese: titular canon in the cathedral chapter in 1855, dean in 1867, and vicar-general in 1868. In 1866 he was made a domestic prelate.

From 1850 until 1890 Heinrich was one of the editors of Der Katholik, a well-known journal of pastoral theology. He was active in the direction of a lay organization called the Piusverein, dedicated to safeguarding religious freedom in Germany. He published six volumes of a treatise on dogmatic theology. The last four volumes of this work, however, were completed by his friend K. Gutberlet, Dogmatische Theologie (10 v. Mainz 18731904). Heinrich also wrote a protest against the erroneous teachings of J. dÖllinger; a monograph on German movements seeking to restrict religious freedom; and a study of Christ's existence in history in relation to His divine personality, directed against the doctrine of D. F. strauss and J. E. renan. Finally he wrote, against Nonweiler, a treatise on the Church as the kingdom of God on earth.

Bibliography: e. mangenot, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al., 15 v. (Paris 190350; Tables Générales 1951) 6.2:212425. l. lenhart, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 5:204.

[c. meyer]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Heinrich, Johann Baptist." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Heinrich, Johann Baptist." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/heinrich-johann-baptist

"Heinrich, Johann Baptist." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/heinrich-johann-baptist

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.