Hauser, Philip Morris

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HAUSER, PHILIP MORRIS (1909–1994), U.S. sociologist. Hauser was born in Chicago, where he also studied, receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1938. From 1938 until 1947 he was deputy director at the U.S. Bureau of the Census; in 1947 he was appointed professor of sociology at the University of Chicago. He was president of the American Sociological Association (1967–68) as well as the American Statistical Association and the Population Association of America.

Hauser worked on various studies of population, urban problems, and city planning. He continued the ecological emphasis of the Chicago School of Sociology, and channeled it demographically. He founded the University of Chicago's Population Research Center, a leading center for the study of demographic processes. He served as its director until 1979. Hauser became the Lucy Flower Professor Emeritus of Urban Sociology at the University of Chicago in 1974.

An internationally known demographer, Hauser was an active proponent of population control in the United States and elsewhere. He also took an active interest in the civil rights movement. Especially concerned with the consequences of racial segregation and overpopulation, Hauser was a member of Chicago's board of governors of the Metropolitan Housing and Planning Council (1958 to 1970) and served as a consultant for the city's Department of Development & Planning and the Department of Health. In 1963 he became chairman of the Advisory Panel for the Desegregation of the Chicago public schools

His works include Government Statistics for Business Use (1946), Population and World Politics (1958), Housing a Metropolis (1960), The Population Dilemma (1963), Handbook for Social Research in Urban Areas (1967), Differential Mortality in the United States (with E. Kitagawa, 1973), Social Statistics in Use (1975), and The Challenge of America's Metropolitan Population Outlook, 1960 to 1985 (with P. Hodge).

[Werner J. Cahnman /

Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)]