HAUSER, HENRI (1866–1946), French historian. Hauser was born and educated in Oran, Algeria, but made his career in France. He was professor of ancient and medieval history at the University of Clermont-Ferrand (1893), taught modern history at the University of Dijon (1903), and after 1921 economic history at the University of Paris. Hauser's works include L'enseignement des sciences sociales (1903), Travailleurs et marchands dans l'ancienne France (1920), and Les débuts du capitalisme (1927). In L'impérialisme américain (1905), he prophesied the decline of Europe and dominance of the United States, and his Méthodes allemandes d'expansion économique (1915) pertained largely to the role German industry had upon the outbreak of World War i. When the Nazis occupied France in 1940, he fled to the south where, in hiding and despite failing eyesight, he completed a study on the economic thought of Richelieu.
American Historical Review, 52 (1946), 221f., obituary.