Skip to main content

Friedland, Abraham Hyman


FRIEDLAND, ABRAHAM HYMAN (Ḥayyim Abraham ; 1891–1939), poet, short-story writer, and educator. Friedland, who was born in Hordok, near Vilna, immigrated to America at the age of 15. In 1911 he founded the National Hebrew School in New York. In 1921 he assumed the post of superintendent of the Cleveland Hebrew Schools, and in 1924 was also appointed the first director of the Cleveland Bureau of Jewish Education. He was a leading member of the Jewish community in Cleveland and a champion of the community Jewish school which featured an intensive Hebraic curriculum and included a strong emphasis on the Zionist ideal. He wrote poems, short stories, and articles, edited educational texts, and published essays in Hebrew, English, and Yiddish on Hebrew literature. His poems and stories were collected in two volumes at the end of his life, Sonettot ("Sonnets," 1939), and Sippurim ("Stories," 1939), and in a posthumous volume of poems, Shirim ("Poems," 1940). His Sippurim Yafim, stories designed for children, were reissued in three volumes by the Cleveland Bureau of Jewish Education (1962). His narrative sonnets deal with the pathetic side of life, and his stories mainly portray American Jewish types.


A. Epstein, Soferim Ivrim be-Amerikah, 2 (1952), 311–23; Waxman, Literature, 4 (1960), 1251–55; A. Ben-Or, Toledot ha-Sifrut ha-Ivrit be-Dorenu, 1 (1954), 139–41; Sefer Zikhronot le-Ḥ.A. Friedland (1940).

[Eisig Silberschlag]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Friedland, Abraham Hyman." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 24 May. 2019 <>.

"Friedland, Abraham Hyman." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (May 24, 2019).

"Friedland, Abraham Hyman." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.