Friedhofer, Hugo (William)
Friedhofer, Hugo (William)
Friedhofer, Hugo (William), American composer of film music; b. San Francisco, May 3, 1901; d. Los Angeles, May 17, 1981. He studied composition with Domenico Brescia. In 1929 he went to Hollywood, where he worked as an arranger and composer for early sound films. In 1935 he was engaged as an orchestrator for Warner Brothers, and received valuable instruction from Korngold and Steiner. In Los Angeles he attended Schoenberg’s seminars and took additional lessons in composition with Toch and Kanitz; he also had some instruction with Boulanger during her sojourn in Calif. He wrote his first complete film score for The Adventures of Marco Polo in 1938, and in the following years composed music for about 70 films. His film music for The Best Years of Our Lives won the Academy Award in 1946. His other distinguished film scores included Broken Arrow (1950), Vera Cruz (1954), The Rains of Ranchipur (1955), The Sun Also Rises (1957), and The Young Lions (1958). Friedhofer was highly esteemed for his ability to create a congenial musical background, alternatively lyrical and dramatic, for the action on the screen, never sacrificing the purely musical quality for the sake of external effect.
I. Atkins, H. F. (Los Angeles, 1974).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Friedhofer, Hugo (William)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/friedhofer-hugo-william
"Friedhofer, Hugo (William)." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/friedhofer-hugo-william
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.