Antonius Andreas

views updated


Franciscan scholastic, known as Doctor dulcifluus and Scotellus; b. Tauste, Saragossa, c. 1280; d. c. 1320. A member of the province of Aragon, Antonius studied at the newly founded University of Lérida, then under duns scotus at Paris. An ardent advocate of the Subtle Doctor, he promulgated his master's teaching in numerous writings, notably commentaries. Although he wrote a commentary on the Sentences (ed. Venice 1572), it is not certain that he ever became a master in theology. Nevertheless, his works were widely read and frequently printed in the 15th and 16th centuries. Although not an original thinker, he substantially influenced the development of scotism. The Quaestiones de anima commonly attributed to Scotus were probably written by him. Among his better-known writings are Tractatus formalitatum ad mentem Scoti (ed. Padua 1475); Quaestiones super libros 12 metaphysicae (ed. Venice c. 1475); Expositio in libros metaphysicae (ed. Venice 1482); De tribus principiis rerum naturalium (ed. Padua 1475); Commentaria in artem veterem (ed. Bologna 1481); and the Compendiosum principium in libros sententiarum (ed. Strassburg 1495), formerly attributed to St. Bonaventure.

Bibliography: É. gilson, History of Christian Philosophy in the Middle Ages (New York 1955) 466, 765, 768. m. bihl, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart, et al. (Paris 1912). 2:163334. h. hurter, Nomenclator literarius theologiae catholicae (Innsbruck 1926) 2:466467. l. amorÓs, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiberg 195765) 1:671672. t. carreras artau, Historia de la filosofia española, v.2 (Madrid 1943) 458571. m. de barcelona in Criterion 5 (1929) 321346.

[m. j. grajewski]