Skip to main content

Shihabi, Hikmat Al- (Al-Shehabi; 1931–)

SHIHABI, HIKMAT AL- (al-Shehabi; 1931–)

Syrian career officer, born in Bab el-Hawa. Hikmat al-Shihabi began his career in aviation, training in the Soviet Union and the United States. In 1970 he earned a Soviet degree in intelligence services. In April 1971 he was named head of intelligence services of the Syrian Army, assisted by Colonel Ali Douba. Appointed a general the following year, he also supervised the department of military security. After the 1973 War, he led the Syrian delegation to the United States in April of 1974, negotiating the conditions of the Syrian–Israeli disengagement. On 12 August 1974 he was appointed chief of staff of the Syrian Army, replacing Yusuf Shakkur, who was promoted to deputy defense minister. In December 1983, while President Hafiz al-Asad was ill, Shihabi was part, along with General Tlass, of the committee in charge of running the country. In August 1984 he escaped an assassination attempt. Between 1994 and 1995 he was part of a delegation that traveled to the United States to discuss peace negotiations with Israel. In July 1998, after twenty-four years as army chief of staff, he resigned his post. He is thought of as an influential figure in the Syrian regime and has been considered several times for prime minister.

SEE ALSO Arab-Israel War (1973); Asad, Hafiz al-; Douba, Ali Issa Ibrahim.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shihabi, Hikmat Al- (Al-Shehabi; 1931–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. 12 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Shihabi, Hikmat Al- (Al-Shehabi; 1931–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shihabi-hikmat-al-al-shehabi-1931

"Shihabi, Hikmat Al- (Al-Shehabi; 1931–)." Dictionary of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. . Retrieved November 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/politics/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/shihabi-hikmat-al-al-shehabi-1931

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.