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The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The Columbia University Press

Fort Caroline

Fort Caroline, settlement near the mouth of the St. Johns River, NE Fla.; est. 1564 by French Huguenots under René de Laudonnière. A Spanish force led by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés attacked the fort in 1565, killed most of the colonists, and renamed the fort San Mateo. This was avenged by a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues, who in 1568 wiped out the garrison at San Mateo. Fort Caroline National Memorial includes a replica of the original fort (see National Parks and Monuments, table).

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/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/caroline-fort

Copyright The Columbia University Press

The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. The Columbia University Press

Caroline, Fort

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Fort Caroline

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