Fort Caroline, settlement near the mouth of the St. Johns River, NE Fla.; est. 1564 by French Huguenots under René de Laudonnière. A Spanish force led by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés attacked the fort in 1565, killed most of the colonists, and renamed the fort San Mateo. This was avenged by a French force led by Dominique de Gourgues, who in 1568 wiped out the garrison at San Mateo. Fort Caroline National Memorial includes a replica of the original fort (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
"Fort Caroline." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-caroline
"Fort Caroline." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved August 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-caroline
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