Skip to main content

Fort Galphin, South Carolina

Fort Galphin, South Carolina

FORT GALPHIN, SOUTH CAROLINA. 21 May 1781. When Colonel Henry Lee moved from Fort Granby to link up with the militia forces of General Andrew Pickens besieging Augusta, he learned that a quantity of British supplies were temporarily stored at Fort Galphin, a small stockade twelve miles below Augusta that was the home of George Galphin, the deputy superintendent of Indian affairs, and garrisoned by two companies of infantry. These supplies were the annual king's present to his loyal Indians. Mounting some of his Legion infantry double behind a select group of cavalrymen, Lee made a forced march and reached his objective on the afternoon of the 21st. Lee had part of his force make a feint against the position from one direction, and when the defenders sallied forth, Major John Rudolph rushed in from the other side with a detachment of Legion infantry. The nearly two hundred Loyalist defenders surrendered without a fight, and Lee captured the fort and its supplies, which included blankets, clothing, small arms, ammunition, medical stores, and provisions, all of which the rebels needed. Having lost only one man to heat prostration in this coup de main against a strong point, Lee withdrew.

SEE ALSO Augusta, Georgia (22 May-5 June 1781); Fort Granby, South Carolina.

                          revised by Michael Bellesiles

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Fort Galphin, South Carolina." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Fort Galphin, South Carolina." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-galphin-south-carolina

"Fort Galphin, South Carolina." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved November 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/fort-galphin-south-carolina

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.