Skip to main content
Select Source:

Leppard, Raymond (John)

Leppard, Raymond (John) (b London, 1927). Eng.-born conductor, composer, harpsichordist, and musicologist (Amer. cit.). Début London 1952 and often cond. Goldsbrough Orch. (later ECO). CG début 1959 ( Handel's Solomon), Glyndebourne 1962; SW 1965. Prin. cond. BBC Northern SO 1973–80. Amer. (concert) début NY 1969, opera début Santa Fe 1974; NY Met 1978. Settled in USA 1976. Prin. guest cond. St Louis SO 1984–90, mus. dir. Indianapolis SO from 1987. Editorial realizations of Monteverdi's Ballo delle Ingrate (1958), L'incoronazione di Poppea (1962), Orfeo (1965), and Il ritorno d'Ulisse (1972), and of Cavalli's Messa Concertata (1966), Ormindo (1967), Calisto (1969), Egisto (1974), Orione (1980), also Magnificat (1970). These have been criticized on the grounds that they are harmonically too rich, musicologically too imprecise, contain too many transpositions, and too much music comp. by Leppard, but there is no doubt that they popularized baroque opera and paved the way for other, more austere, editions. Also effective cond. of standard orch. repertoire. CBE 1983. Wrote The Real Authenticity (London 1988).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Leppard, Raymond (John)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Leppard, Raymond (John)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/leppard-raymond-john

"Leppard, Raymond (John)." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. . Retrieved February 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/leppard-raymond-john

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Leppard, Raymnond John

Raymnond John Leppard, 1927–, English conductor, composer, musicologist, and harpsicordist, grad. Cambridge. A prominent scholar as well as a conductor, he is especially known for "realizing" 17th-century Venetian operas by such composers as Monteverdi and Cavalli. Leppard was the conductor of the English Chamber Orchestra (1959–77) and the BBC Philharmonic (1973–80). Since 1987 he been the music director of the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra, and he is largely responsible for expanding its repertoire, season, and sound, which has become leaner and more elegant under his direction. Leppard has been guest conductor at many major orchestras in the United States and Europe and has long been associated with the Glyndebourne Festivals and Covent Garden.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Leppard, Raymnond John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Leppard, Raymnond John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leppard-raymnond-john

"Leppard, Raymnond John." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved February 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/leppard-raymnond-john

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.