James Hoban

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Hoban, James (c.1758–1831). Irish-born, he emigrated to America in 1785. He won the competition to design the President's House, Washington, DC, with a proposal (1792) originally based on Leinster House, Dublin, but altered at the request of Washington and Jefferson. As built, the White House, (1793–1801, rebuilt 1814–29) was derived from plate 41 of Gibbs's A Book of Architecture (1728). His other Washington buildings (hotels, houses, and Government buildings) no longer exist.

Bibliography

Architecture, xi (1981), 66–82;
ARe xi (1901), 581–9;
Dictionary of American Biography (1932);
Goode (1979);
Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xxviii/2 (May 1969), 135–6;
Maddex (1973);
Reiff (1977);
Ryan & and Guinness (1980)

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