García Conde, Pedro (1806–1851)

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García Conde, Pedro (1806–1851)

Pedro García Conde (b. 8 February 1806; d. 19 December 1851), Mexican soldier. Born in Arizpe, Sonora, he began his military career as a cadet in the presidio company of Cerro Gordo and later served as director of the Military College from 1838 to 1844. In 1842 he was deputy to the national legislature and Secretary of War from 1844 to 1845 in the José Joaquín de Herrera (1792–1854) government. An ardent patriot, he helped plan and fought in the Battle of Sacramento (1847) against the invading U.S. forces.

An accomplished geographer, García participated in the first geographic survey of the state of Chihuahua in 1833 and in 1842 published Ensayo estadístico sobre el estado de Chihuahua. In 1848 he received appointment to the presidency of the Mexican Boundary Commission, which was charged with mapping the new border between Mexico and the United States. He held this position twice but died in Arizpe before finishing the survey.

See alsoHerrera, José Joaquín Antonio Florencio .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Florence C. Lister and Robert H. Lister, Chihuahua: Storehouse of Storms (1966), pp. 126, 139.

Additional Bibliography

Hewitt, Harry P. "The Mexican Boundary Survey Team: Pedro Garcia Conde in California." The Western Historical Quarterly 21:2 (May 1990): 171-196.

Rebert, Paula. La gran línea: Mapping the United States-Mexico Boundary, 1849–1857. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001.

                                   Aaron Paine Mahr