Garbousova, Raya, greatly admired Russian-born American cellist and pedagogue; b. Tiflis, Sept. 25, 1906. She began to study piano as a very small child, and then took up playing a small cello when she was 6. When she was 7, she entered the Tiflis Cons, as a pupil of Konstantin Miniar, and soon thereafter made her first public appearance in Tiflis. After giving concerts in Moscow and Leningrad in 1924, she went to Berlin to pursue her training with Heinz Becker. Following successful concerts in Berlin in 1926 and in Paris in 1927, she had further instruction with Diran Alexanian. She appeared as a soloist with U.S. orchs., and then made her N.Y. recital debut at Town Hall in 1934. In subsequent years, she appeared with orchs. on both sides of the Atlantic and as a recitalist. She lived in Paris until her husband, a Frenchman in the Resistance, was killed in 1943. She eventually made her way to the U.S., where she married the cardiologist Kurt Biss in 1946 and became a naturalized citizen. Garbousova resumed her international career, but she also devoted increasing attention to teaching. In addition to giving master-classes around the world, she taught at the Hartt School of Music at the Univ. of Hartford (1970–89) and then at Northern 111. Univ. in DeKalb. She distinguished herself as an interpreter not only of the standard repertory, but also of contemporary music. She gave the premieres of a number of major scores, including the cello concertos of Barber (1946) and Rieti (1956).
—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire
"Garbousova, Raya." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/garbousova-raya
"Garbousova, Raya." Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. . Retrieved July 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/garbousova-raya
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.