Skip to main content

García Morillo, Roberto (1911–2003)

García Morillo, Roberto (1911–2003)

Roberto García Morillo (b. 22 January 1911; d. 26 October 2003), Argentine composer and critic. He was born in Buenos Aires and studied at the National Conservatory of Music and Theater Arts under the guidance of Floro Ugarte, José Gil, José André, and Constantino Gaito. Garcia Morillo is noted for the absence of nationalistic elements in his music. His style evolved as atonal music, with modernistic, dissonant harmonies, and very contrapuntal lines but without harshly clashing sounds. Garcia Morillo evoked the Hispanic origins of his ancestors, using renovated archaic forms and textures in his works such as his cantata Marín (1948–1950). The municipality of Buenos Aires awarded a composition prize for his Poema para orquestra (1932) and for Las pinturas negras de Goya (1939). His ballets Harrild (1941) and Usher (1940–1941) were awarded distinctions from the National Commission on culture and the Wagnerian Society, as was his music for the film Juvenilia, which received the Municipal Prize for film music in 1943. In 1938 he began writing music criticism for the newspaper La Nación in Buenos Aires, and also wrote articles for Modern Music, Musical Courier, and the Revista ARS. He is the author of several books: Mussorgsky (1943), Rimsky Korsakoff (1945), Estudios sobre la danza (1948), with Dora Kriner, Siete músicos europeos (1949), and Carlos Chávez (1960).

Some of Garcia Morillo's earlier compositions contain traces of neoclassicism, like his Piano Sonata no. 3, op. 14 (1944–1945). Other works of the same period demonstrate his dexterity with rhythms and the use of engaging and intriguing melodies. Among his important works are Tres pinturas de Paul Klee (1944); El tamarit (1953), a chamber cantata for soprano, baritone, and orchestra; Romances del amor y de la muerte for bass (1959); Música para oboe y orquestra (1962); Cantata de los caballeros for soprano (1965); Música para violin y cuerdas (1967); Symphony no. 1 (1946–1948); Obertura para un drama romántico (1954); Symphony no. 2 (1954–1955); Symphony no. 3 (1961); Divertimento sobre temas de Paul Klee (1967); Ciclo de Dante Alighieri for chamber orchestra (1970); and Variaciones apolíneas for piano (1958–1959).

Garcia Morillo served as president of the Asociación Argentina de Compositores (1992–1998 and 2001–2002) and as president of the Academia Argentina de Música (1995).

See alsoBuenos Aires; Music: Art Music.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Cuarto Inter-American Music Festival (1968), pp. 44, 47, 70; Primer festival internacional de música contemporánea (1970), p. 29.

Rodolfo Arizaga, Enciclopedia de la música argentina (1971), pp. 153-155.

Gérard Béhague, Music in Latin America: An Introduction (1979), pp. 276-277; New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (1980).

                                     Alcides Lanza

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"García Morillo, Roberto (1911–2003)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"García Morillo, Roberto (1911–2003)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garcia-morillo-roberto-1911-2003

"García Morillo, Roberto (1911–2003)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/garcia-morillo-roberto-1911-2003

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.