Skip to main content

Twining, Nathan F.

Twining, Nathan F. (1897–1982), World War II general.Twining was a 1918 graduate of U.S. Military Academy and served in U.S. National Guard during World War I. Throughout his career, from private to Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), Twining never lost touch with his great fund of common sense or his ability to work with others. After becoming a pilot in 1924, Twining served in various postings until joining the Air Corps Staff in 1940. In January 1943 Twining became commander of the Thirteenth Air Force, in the south Pacific—a job that placed him, for practical purposes, under U.S. Navy command. General Twining almost died when he and fourteen others spent six days in a life raft after crashing into the ocean. In January 1944, he assumed command of the Fifteenth Air Force in Italy, in a theater dominated by the British. This posting reinforced his belief in strategic bombing. After V‐E Day he returned to the Pacific to take charge of the Twentieth Air Force. He ordered both atomic bomb missions. In 1950 the service promoted him to USAF Vice Chief of Staff—the person responsible for the day‐to‐day operations of the U.S. Air Force (USAF). In 1953 he became USAF Chief of Staff and in 1957 President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed him Chairman of the JCS. Twining's views on strategic deterrence and cooperation among the armed services meshed perfectly with the administration's emphasis on collegiality and a defense strategy based on atomic weapons. Twining retired in 1960.

Bibliography

Nathan F. Twining , Neither Liberty Nor Safety, 1966.
Donald J. Mrozek , Nathan F. Twining: New Dimensions, a New Look, in John L. Frisbee, ed., Makers of the United States Air Force, 1987.

Richard G. Davis

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Twining, Nathan F.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Twining, Nathan F.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/twining-nathan-f

"Twining, Nathan F.." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/twining-nathan-f

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.