Skip to main content

Hastenbeck, battle of

Hastenbeck, battle of, 1757. Cumberland, the hero of Culloden, commanded the Army of Observation in the Seven Years War, charged with the protection of Hanover. Frederick the Great, Britain's ally, was too hard pressed himself to offer assistance. On 26 July, on the Weser near Hameln, Cumberland was attacked by a superior French force under Marshal d'Estrées, and though at one stage the French were preparing to retire, Cumberland was forced to retreat. Acting on private instructions from his father George II, he retired in good order to Stade, where he negotiated the convention of Kloster-Zeven, disbanding his forces. The British government repudiated the convention and Cumberland resigned in disgust.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Hastenbeck, battle of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 16 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Hastenbeck, battle of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (January 16, 2019).

"Hastenbeck, battle of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.