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Kloster-Zeven, convention of

Kloster-Zeven, convention of, 1757. After Cumberland's defeat at Hastenbeck in July, he withdrew to Stade and opened negotiations with the French. He interpreted his orders from his father, George II, as authority to preserve his army at all costs and on 8 September signed the convention of Kloster-Zeven, arranging for it to be disbanded. Though George II had been thinking of Hanoverian neutrality in the Seven Years War, he repudiated the convention. Cumberland, hastening to Kensington palace, was greeted with ‘Here is my son who has ruined me and disgraced himself.’ He resigned all his military offices in protest and never held command again.

J. A. Cannon

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Kloster-Zeven, Convention of

Convention of Kloster-Zeven (klôs´tər-tsā´fən), 1757. Early in the Seven Years War the English army, under the command of the duke of Cumberland, son of George II, was defeated by the French at Hastenbeck. Cumberland capitulated at the former Benedictine abbey near Zeven (a small town, formerly in Hanover, NE of Bremen) and allowed the French to occupy Hanover. The convention was disavowed by the English government, and Cumberland was relieved of his military position.

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