Convention of 1818 with England

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CONVENTION OF 1818 WITH ENGLAND, a treaty signed in London in October and ratified in Washington, D.C., the following January. The convention gave U.S. citizens the right to fish on limited portions of the Canadian maritimes; established the Northwest boundary from the Lake of the Woods west to the Rocky Mountains along the forty-ninth parallel; stipulated that territory west of the Rockies claimed by either nation should be open equally to both for ten years; and referred U.S. claims to indemnification for slaves seized by British forces during the American Revolution to arbitration by a friendly sovereign. The convention failed to resolve the Oregon boundary issue.


Bemis, Samuel Flagg. John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy. New York: Knopf, 1949.

Bourne, Kenneth. Britain and the Balance of Power in North America, 1815–1908. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1967.

Philip CoolidgeBrooks/a. g.

See alsoAroostook War ; Canada, Relations with ; Great Britain, Relations with ; Oregon Treaty of 1846 ; Treaties with Foreign Nations .

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Convention of 1818 with England

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Convention of 1818 with England