Skip to main content

Convention of 1800


CONVENTION OF 1800 tacitly detached the United States from its alliance with France at the price of American claims for damages resulting from French actions against U.S. commerce since the beginnings of the French revolutionary wars. The convention ended a naval war between the two countries that had developed from France's resentment over John Jay's Treaty (1794) with England. American attempts to seek rapprochement in 1797 led to the insulting xyz affair, in which the French foreign minister, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, refused to receive the American commissioners until they paid bribes. The unexpected militance of the American response prompted the French to reopen negotiations.

President John Adams sent another mission to secure indemnities for spoliations and an annulment of the alliance. After more than a year of negotiations, the final French terms posed problems for the commissioners: if the alliance was terminated, so would American claims be—indemnities would be considered only if the treaties were still in force. The commissioners agreed to defer both indemnities and treaties, a deferment that in effect meant abandonment of both. The convention thus ended the Quasi-War between France and the United States with mutual restoration of captured naval vessels and liberalization of the treatment of American ships in French ports.


Blumenthal, Henry. France and the United States: Their Diplomatic Relation, 1789–1914. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1970.

DeConde, Alexander. The Quasi-War: The Politics and Diplomacy of the Undeclared War with France, 1797–1801. New York: Scribner, 1966.

Lawrence S.Kaplan/a. g.

See alsoFrance, Quasi-War with ; France, Relations with ; Treaties with Foreign Nations .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Convention of 1800." Dictionary of American History. . 12 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Convention of 1800." Dictionary of American History. . (March 12, 2019).

"Convention of 1800." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved March 12, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.