1. Bailey or outer court, as in a castle.
2. Place for dog-kennels etc., attached to a grand house.
3. Large arena for entertainment, e.g. for jousting, processions, etc., or bear-baiting, usually a formally designed space with grandstands around it for spectators. Hence the C18 Zwinger Palace, Dresden, Saxony, by Pöppelmann, an extraordinary composition, with a festive gate (Kronentor), pavilions, galleries, orangeries, and a nymphaeum grouped around a large court.
"Zwinger." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/zwinger
"Zwinger." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved April 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/zwinger
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