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1. Bailey or outer court, as in a castle.

2. Place for dog-kennels etc., attached to a grand house.

3. Large arena for entertainment, e.g. for jousting, processions, etc., or bear-baiting, usually a formally designed space with grandstands around it for spectators. Hence the C18 Zwinger Palace, Dresden, Saxony, by Pöppelmann, an extraordinary composition, with a festive gate (Kronentor), pavilions, galleries, orangeries, and a nymphaeum grouped around a large court.