nymphaeum. Temple, sanctuary, or grotto of nymphs, often a feature of Roman architecture (e.g. Domitian's palace (C1) ). Descriptions of Antique exemplars informed the design of nymphaea in Renaissance and later gardens, often exedrae incorporating statuary, pools, and fountains, or suggesting water by means of congelated rustication in a formal Classical garden-building. Good examples survive in, e.g. the Villa Giulia, Rome (1551–5), by Vignola and others, and at the Zwinger Palace, Dresden, Saxony (1710–32), by Pöppelmann.
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