rustication. In masonry, stone cut in such a way that the joints are sunk in some sort of channel, the faces of the stones projecting beyond them. In addition, those faces are usually roughened to form a contrast with ordinary dressed ashlar. Rusticated masonry enhances the visual impact of keystones, plinths, quoins, and even entire storeys, while its application to whole façades can suggest power, solidity, and even the Sublime. Rusticating is the carving or creation of rustication, or the making of a texture on a face. Types of rustication include:banded: plain or textured ashlar with the horizontal joints only grooved, giving the impression of a series of bands;chamfered: with each ashlar chamfered to create V-shaped joints, either all round each stone or, if at the tops and bottoms, to create banded rustication with chamfers;channelled: with a rectangular sunken channel at the joints, formed horizontally only or round each stone;congelated: see frosted below;cyclopean: rock-faced or quarry-faced ashlar with dressed projecting rough faces, as though recently taken from the quarry, giving a massive, powerful, impregnable effect particularly useful for plinths, piers of viaducts, etc.;diamond-pointed: with ashlar blocks cut with chamfered faces giving the effect in a wall of a series of small pyramids or hipped roofs set on their sides, also called prismatic or pyramidal rustication;frosted: carved to look like icicles or stalactites, also called congelated rustication, normally found on fountains, in grottoes, or other situations associated with water;reticulated: carved with indentations leaving the surface connected in an irregular net-like pattern;rock-faced: as cyclopean above;smooth: with joints clearly shown by some means (e.g. channels or V-joints) but the faces flat and plain;V-jointed: as chamfered above;vermiculated: with the face carved as though eaten away in parts, with irregular worm-like tracks and holes all over it, reminiscent of wood or sand.
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Masonry , masonry. 1. Art, craft, and practice of building with natural or artificial stone, involving its quarrying, cutting, dressing, jointing, and laying.… Ashlar , ashlar. 1. Class of masonry consisting of blocks of accurately dressed, cut, squared, and finished stone (the Roman opus quadratum), faced and with c… Joint , joint / joint/ • n. 1. a point at which parts of an artificial structure are joined. ∎ Geol. a break or fracture in a mass of rock, with no relative… Joint (geology) , joint 1. A discrete brittle fracture in a rock along which there has been little or no movement parallel to the plane of fracture, but slight movemen… Rubble , rubble rubble •babble, bedabble, dabble, drabble, gabble, grabble, rabble, scrabble •amble, bramble, Campbell, gamble, gambol, ramble, scramble, sham… Synovial membrane , synovial membrane (synovium) n. the membrane that forms the sac enclosing a freely movable joint (see diarthrosis). It secretes the lubricating synov…
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