Bailey

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bai·ley / ˈbālē/ • n. (pl. -leys) the outer wall of a castle. ∎  a court enclosed by this.

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bailey.
1. External wall or defences surrounding a keep or motte of a medieval castle.

2. Area between the circuits of walls or defences of a castle, also called a ward, or any court within the walls, hence outer bailey or inner bailey.

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bailey (court within) wall surrounding castle XIII. ME. bail(l)y, var. baile, prob. — OF. bail(l)e enclosed court. The Old Bailey in London stood in the ancient ‘bailey’ of the city wall between Ludgate and Newgate.

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bailey the outer wall of a castle and a court enclosed by it. Recorded from Middle English, the word probably comes from Old French baile ‘palisade, enclosure’.