Skip to main content

Blackburn, James

Blackburn, James (1803–54). English-born Australian architect. Transported to Van Diemen's land in 1835 for forging a cheque, he was employed by the Department of Roads and Bridges, and directed much of the road-building and engineering works there. From 1839 he designed numerous buildings, and, influenced by the writings of Loudon, he was a major protagonist of the Picturesque, notably in the Rosedale extension of Campbell Town (1848–50), where a Loudonesque Italianate style was much in evidence. His Greek Revival Lady Franklin Museum (1842–3), Hobart, was a distinguished essay in Doric, but he could turn his hand to Gothic Revival (influenced by the works of J. L. Archer), and to Norman Revival (influenced by Ferrey and others). He moved to Melbourne in 1849, where he became City Surveyor, in which capacity he designed the Town Hall. His large and eclectic library was one of the first major architectural collections to be formed in Australia.

Bibliography

Kobayashi et al . (1996);
Tanner (ed.) (1981);
Jane Turner (1996).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Blackburn, James." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Blackburn, James." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blackburn-james

"Blackburn, James." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/blackburn-james

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.