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Blackburn, William (1750–90). English architect, he made his name as a designer of prisons following the Penitentiary Act (1779), and was a pioneer of radial design. His work included the County Gaols at Oxford (c.1785–1805), Ipswich, Suffolk (1786–90), Glos. (1788–91), Monmouth (1788–90), and Dorchester, Dorset (1789–95). He was also responsible for the Houses of Correction at North-leach, Glos. (1787–91), and Horsley, Glos. (1787–91), among others.
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004)