Loudon, John Claudius
In 1811 he invented an iron glazing-bar that made curved glazing possible and erected various prototype hot-houses incorporating his structural and other practical ideas. In 1817 he published Remarks on the Construction of Hothouses and in 1818 Sketches of Curvilinear Hothouses and A Comparative View of the Common and Curvilinear Modes of Roofing Hothouses. The principles that Loudon developed became the basis of the more famous works by Paxton at Chatsworth (and ultimately at the Great Exhibition of 1851), of Lanyon and Turner at Belfast, and Turner and Burton at Kew, and were applied to countless conservatories and exhibition-buildings throughout C19 Europe and America.
Work then began on the enormous and immediately successful Encylopaedia of Gardening (1822), which enabled Loudon to design and build the ‘double detached villa’ for himself at 3 and 5 Porchester Terrace, London (1823–4), an advanced and convenient building of Italianate Classical appearance. In 1826 he established The Gardener's Magazine, which had a profound effect on taste and expertise. In 1829 he proposed a Green Belt half-a-mile broad around London, the formation of national schools for compulsory education, and the beneficial use of sewage for agricultural purposes. In 1830 he brought out the first part of Illustrations of Landscape-Gardening and Garden Architecture, laid out the Botanic Gardens in Birmingham, and married the remarkable Jane Webb (1807–58), author of a futuristic novel (1827) about an England in C21 bedev-illed by universal air-travel, world-wideinstant communication systems, intolerable burdens of taxation, and endemic inflation. John and Jane Loudon worked together on the Encylopaedia of Cottage, Farm, and Villa Architecture (1833). With its numerous illustrations (many by E. B. Lamb) it played an important part in the formation of Victorian suburban architectural taste as well as recording much that has proved ephemeral. From 1834 to 1838 the Loudons published The Architectural Magazine, the first British periodical solely devoted to architecture. As a landscape architect Loudon was influenced by Payne Knight, Repton, and Uvedale Price, and himself advocated Picturesque compositions. He invented the ‘Gardenesque’ style in which the Picturesque was combined with the display of trees and plants chosen for their botanical, scientific, and horticultural qualities. More than anyone he established the character of the Victorian garden, public park, and arboretum, and his design for the Derby Arboretum (1839–41) was a good example of his style.
His On the Laying Out, Planting, and Managing of Cemeteries; and on the Improvement of Churchyards (1843) is the most exhaustive book ever written on the subject, and includes detailed ideas for the landscaping of cemeteries that were very widely followed. Loudon's idea of the cemetery as a landscaped garden and arboretum, with all plants labelled, was part of his concept of mass-education and improvement of society. He produced designs for three cemeteries: Histon Road, Cambridge, the Bath Abbey Cemetery, and Southampton Cemetery (all 1842–3).
J. Curl (2000a, 2002c);
J. Curl (ed.) (2001);
Loudon (1834, 1981);
Jane Turner (1996)
"Loudon, John Claudius." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/loudon-john-claudius
"Loudon, John Claudius." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/loudon-john-claudius
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.