Roy Anderson Corporation
Roy Anderson Corporation
11400 Reichold Road
Gulfport, Mississippi 39503
Telephone: (228) 896-4000
Toll Free: (800) 688-4003
Fax: (228) 896-4078
Web site: http://www.rac.com
Sales: $225 million (2004 est.)
NAIC: 236220 Commercial and Institutional Building Construction
Family owned and operated, Roy Anderson Corporation (RAC) is one of the United States' largest construction companies. Based in Gulfport, Mississippi, RAC is involved in a wide variety of hospitality, commercial, government, education, healthcare, industrial, entertainment, and sports construction projects. A major factor in the growth of the company since 1990 has been the building of casinos in the Gulf of Mexico region, which elevated RAC from regional status to a firm with national prominence. In addition to its home office, the company maintains regional offices in Jackson, Mississippi, and Destin, Florida. RAC's founder, Roy Anderson, Jr., serves as chairman, while his son, Roy Anderson III, is president and chief executive officer, responsible for the day-to-day running of the business.
Roots of Company Dating to the 1920s
Roy Anderson Corporation grew out of the real estate business founded by Roy Anderson, Sr., who moved from Purvis, Mississippi, to Gulfport in 1925, launching Roy Anderson Real Estate. He became involved in construction on a small scale, building one or two small houses each year. As a child, his son, Roy Anderson, Jr., often helped out on the construction sites, fetching water and materials for the workmen and eventually learning to do a little carpentry himself. That early experience led him to become interested in engineering, which he studied at the Georgia Institute of Technology, better known as Georgia Tech, graduating in 1951. Because he was involved in the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC), Anderson then served a four-year stint in the Air Force, in Korea, before returning home to Gulfport with his wife in September 1955 to go into the contracting business.
He set up shop in his father's real estate office and with just a single employee and a pickup truck began drumming up small repair jobs. Later in 1955 his father died, and the real estate business was taken over by his sister, Jane Sawyer, and brother-in-law, Len Sawyer, becoming Sawyer Real Estate and Insurance. Anderson soon graduated from repair and remodeling projects and followed in his father's footsteps by building a few homes. His goal, however, was to become involved in constructing commercial buildings. Two of his earliest large projects were the construction of the Mount Bethel Baptist Church in Gulfport and the Gulfport Chamber of Commerce.
A major step in the history of the company came in 1958 when Anderson bid on the construction of a branch for Hancock Bank. His bid of $106,000 was matched by another area contractor. According to Anderson's recollections in a 2002 interview with the Mississippi Business Journal, "It was quite a dilemma for [Hancock] to decide what to do. I was only a young contractor and the other contractor was an established firm, W.M. Craig & Co. Leo Seal (then president of Hancock Bank) decided the only thing he knew to do was to flip a coin. Since I was the youngest of the group, I suggested that Mr. Craig call the coin. He called heads and it came up tails. You could say we won our first gambling project back then." The credibility Anderson gained with the Hancock Bank project led to ever larger jobs. Later in 1958 RAC built the Long Beach High School, a $386,000 contract. Another significant project was the building of a five-story officers' residence at Biloxi's Keesler Air Force Base in 1961. Yet another milestone job in the early years was the $3.8 million contract to build the substructure foundation at Gulfport's Mississippi Power Company power plant in 1969.
Government Contracts Dominating the 1980s
Over the years, RAC proved adept at changing with the times, shifting its focus to different types of projects as they became available. In the 1980s, for example, when there was little private construction money in Mississippi and the Reagan and Bush administrations were dramatically increasing defense spending, RAC chased state and federal business, landing a large number of contracts at both Keesler Air Force Base and Stennis Space Center in Hancock County. As the Cold War came to an end at the close of the 1980s, defense spending slowed down and RAC was on the lookout for new opportunities in the area. It found them after Mississippi legalized gambling in 1990.
By this time Anderson was receiving help in the business from his son, Roy Anderson III. The younger Anderson, born in 1957, took a route to the construction industry different from that of his father, although like his father he spent time at construction sites delivering water to the workmen. After earning an undergraduate degree at the University of Alabama, he earned a law degree from the University of Mississippi Law School in 1982. He never practiced law, instead joining his father shortly after graduation. His study of law, however, would prove an asset when dealing with contracts. Although the son of the owner, Anderson III worked his way up in the company, starting out by assisting project managers on a number of jobs. By the time RAC entered the 1990s the company was very much a father and son operation, and in 1993, the younger Anderson took over day-to-day responsibilities as president.
Despite never having built a casino, the Andersons were able to land the contract to build Casino Magic in Biloxi in July 1992, unusual in that it was the first casino built on a barge rather than a riverboat. RAC was able to complete the project in just 83 days, a feat that caught the attention of Park Place Entertainment, owner of Grand Casinos, which was set to build a casino in Gulfport and was intrigued by the barge concept and brought in the Andersons for a meeting at their Minnesota headquarters. Park Place's mid-south region President Tom Brosig, whose own family was involved in the construction business, told Mississippi's Sun Herald, "I saw a father and son working together. That was all I needed." The newspaper also reported, "Brosig recalled that the Andersons convinced reluctant Grand Casino executives to build a parking garage next to their casino in Gulfport, something they didn't think was necessary. 'None of us anticipated Gulfport would open as well as it did,' Brosig said. 'Without the garage, we would have been dead.'" By working 24 hours a day, seven days a week, RAC was able to complete the $42 million Grand Casino project in only 156 days. Speed was of great importance to the owners, as casino operators were all vying to open before the competition to establish themselves in the new market.
With two highly successful casino projects under its belt, RAC positioned itself to take full advantage of the region's casino boom in the early 1990s. Casino construction dominated RAC's business until 1996 as employment peaked around 1,000. Other projects included the Grand Casino-Biloxi, Lady Luck-Biloxi, the Palace Casino in Biloxi, and Casino Magic in Bay St. Louis. During this period the company also tackled its largest project, the $260 million contract to build the Grand Casino and Hotel in Tunica, the largest dockside casino in the world. But even as casino building was just beginning to explode, the Andersons knew that the contracts would not last forever. They began taking steps, as early as 1993, to diversify and not place too much emphasis on the hospitality industry. In 1993 RAC opened regional offices in Jackson, Mississippi, and in Memphis, primarily to accommodate the new casino business but also with the idea of scouting for noncasino work after the boom ended. The company was also wise to recognize that the casinos would bring other construction work. Roy Anderson III told the Mississippi Journal in a 1997 article, "Gaming is the magnet that brings the people—which results in the ancillary construction. Even in areas that do not have gaming, you're seeing tax revenues go back into the communities through more state building projects."
After casino work petered out in the mid-1990s, RAC shifted its focus to other industries. In 1995 it built the Marshall County Correctional Facility, Mississippi's first privately run prison, for Wackenhut Corrections Corp. Wackenhut was so pleased with the work that it awarded RAC a second contract to build a Virginia facility. Prison projects dominated the company's slate over the next couple of years as it completed eight more prison-related projects in Mississippi and Arkansas. During this period RAC also became involved in the hospital/health facility sector. It built the University Medical Center's perinatal center in Jackson as well as a major project at Rush Medical Center in Meridian, Mississippi.
When prison work dried up in the late 1990s, RAC focused on hotel work through its offices in Jackson and Memphis, as well as an office the company also opened in Dallas. At the end of the decade RAC became involved in the building of sports and entertainment facilities. In 1999 it won the $49 million contract for a 14,000-seat multipurpose arena in Bossier City, Louisiana, suitable for sporting events, concerts, conventions, and other programs. The project was another example of ancillary construction, resulting from the increase of convention business in the Bossier City and Shreveport markets due to casino gambling in the area. But much of RAC's sports business during this period was related to the popularity of college football in the South, as members of the Southeastern Conference (SEC) found themselves funding stadium expansions in order to remain competitive. Major schools including the University of Alabama, Auburn University, and the University of Tennessee led the way, and smaller SEC members such as the University of Mississippi and Mississippi State University felt compelled to follow suit. In 2000 RAC won the $19.7 million expansion of DavisWade Stadium on the Campus of Mississippi State and the $24 million expansion of Caught-Hemingway Stadium on the Mississippi campus in Oxford. The company was not actually looking for stadium work, but because it possessed a great deal of expertise with concrete work, RAC proved to be an ideal candidate for the projects.
Since 1955, performance has been the guiding principle at Roy Anderson Corp. We know it means more than making deadlines. It means dedication. It means professionalism. It means leaving the job site on the last day knowing that the finished project tells all the world the kind of work you do. At Roy Anderson, we're proud to let our work speak for us.
As the economy stalled in the early 2000s, RAC's diverse capabilities allowed the company to be opportunistic. While large hospitality projects were on the wane, RAC was able to offset that loss of business by taking on healthcare projects such as the $9 million Biloxi Regional Hospital and parking garage, the $24 million ambulatory care facility in Sherman, Texas, and the $12 million medical office building parking garage for Gulfport's Memorial Hospital. RAC also won a pair of judicial projects: the $44 million U.S. Courthouse in Gulfport and the $18 million Justice Court facility in Jackson. A stalwart of the 1980s, military projects became another important source of new work. RAC received contracts to construct a Special Operations Forces facility for the U.S. Navy and a Lockheed Martin Metrology Center, both located in the Stennis Space Center. In September 2002, RAC was awarded the $22.4 million contract for several projects on the Keesler Air Force Base.
Acquiring Harrell Construction in 2003
RAC looked to diversify further in 2003 by way of acquisition, purchasing Jackson-based Harrell Construction Group, LLC (HCG). With sales of $75 million in 2002, HCG employed about 200 people, compared with RAC's $210 million in sales and 500 employees. In addition to its Jackson headquarters HCG maintained a division office in Birmingham, Alabama. Although HCG was formed in 1997, it was the result of a management buyout of a 120-year-old construction firm, giving HCG deep roots in the region: About 60 percent of its work came from repeat customers. Although HCG mostly operated in Mississippi and Alabama, it was capable of handling projects throughout the Southeast. HCG was especially strong in hospitality and retail and brought to RAC a number of experienced construction professionals.
With the incorporation of HCG's operation, RAC continued to win a wide variety of building contracts. In 2003, for example, it was awarded the $5.9 million repair contract at the Pensacola Naval Air Station. In 2005 it returned to the casino market in a major way, teaming up with a partner of Donald Trump to make the winning bid to build the $500 million, 240-acre President Casino Broadwater Resort on the Biloxi Peninsula, with the project to include the first all-suite 638-room hotel on the Mississippi Gulf Coast, and The Villas at Bacaran Bay, featuring 387 one- and two-bedroom luxury condominiums. A wide variety of construction projects also would open up in the reconstruction efforts after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the Gulf Coast in August and September, respectively, of 2005.
Harrell Construction Group, LLC.
Hunt Construction Group, Inc.; Perini Corporation; Skanska USA Building Inc.
- The company is founded by Roy Anderson, Jr.
- A bank branch is the first major contract.
- A Mississippi Power Company power plant contract is won.
- Roy Anderson III joins the company.
- The firm wins its first casino contract.
- Roy Anderson III is named president and CEO.
- Harrell Construction Group, LLC is acquired.
"Casino Work Puts Roy Anderson in Top 400 Contractor's List," Coast Business, June 20, 1994, p. 9.
Gillette, Becky, "RAC Grows from One Pickup Truck, One Employee," Mississippi Business Journal, August 19, 2002, p. 35.
――――, "Roy Anderson, Harrell in Talks to Unite Construction Companies," Mississippi Business Journal, February 17, 2003, p. 3.
Hancock, Tammy C., "Million Dollar Anderson Firm Started with a Few, Small Houses," Coast Business, October 25, 1993, p. 4.
Jeter, Lynne Wilbanks, "Roy Anderson Corp. Star Player in Sports Facilities Construction," Mississippi Business Journal, August 21, 2000, p. 12.
Monti, Lisa, "Gulfport, Miss., Construction-Firm President Latches on to Casino Boom," Sun Herald, September 16, 1999.
Simmons, Andi, "Construction with a Conscience," Mississippi Business Journal, March 31, 1997, p. 21.
――――, "Roy Anderson Corp. Building a Strong, Confident Future," Mississippi Business Journal, May 26, 1997, p. 14.