Roy, Eugène (?–1939)

views updated

Roy, Eugène (?–1939)

Eugène Roy (d. 27 October 1939), president of Haiti (15 May-18 November 1930). In 1918, President Philippe Sudre Dartiguenave (1915–1922) appointed Roy to several government positions. Because of the high esteem in which many held Roy, who was by profession an exchange broker and a member of the elite, he was selected in April 1930 as provisional president. He was then elected by the council of state as the neutral, interim president who then arranged and presided over the election of the legislative chambers, which then elected the new president. This arrangement was designed to carry out the recommendations of U.S. president Herbert Hoover's Forbes Commission, which had investigated the unpopular U.S. occupation (1915–1934), which was forced upon the Louis Borno government (1922–1930) and its opposition. The opposition's landslide victory in the legislature resulted in the election in November 1930 of Sténio Vincent as president (1930–1941).

See alsoHaiti .


Henry P. Fletcher, "Quo Vadis, Haiti?," in Foreign Affairs 8, no. 4 (1930): 533-548.

Harold Palmer Davis, Black Democracy: The Story of Haiti, rev. ed. (1967), pp. 61-65.

Robert D. Heinl, Jr., and Nancy G. Heinl, Written in Blood: The Story of the Haitian People, 1492–1971 (1978), pp. 446, 501, 505-506.

Additional Bibliography

Renda, Mary A. Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism, 1915–1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

                                       Larman C. Wilson

About this article

Roy, Eugène (?–1939)

Updated About content Print Article