Ginzburg, Aleksandr (Ilich) 1936–2002

views updated

Ginzburg, Aleksandr (Ilich) 1936–2002

(Alexander Ginzburg)

PERSONAL: Given name sometimes transliterated as Aleksander; patronymic sometimes transliterated as Il'ich or Ilyich; original surname, Chizhov; born November 21, 1936, in Moscow (some sources cite Leningrad, now St. Petersburg), USSR (now Russia); immigrated to United States, c. 1979; immigrated to France, c. 1980; died July 19, 2002, in Paris, France; son of Sergei Chizhov (an architect); mother an economist (maiden name, Ginzburg); married Irina S. Zholkovskaya, 1969; children: Alexandre, Alexis. Education: Attended Moscow University, 1956–60, and Moscow Historical Archive Institute, 1966–67. Religion: Russian Orthodox.

CAREER: Journalist. Sintaksis (underground poetry journal; title means "Syntax"), founder and editor, 1959–60; imprisoned in labor camps, 1960–62; jailed, 1968–72; manager of a fund established by author Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn to aid political prisoners, beginning c. 1974; Helsinki Group (monitors of Soviet human rights abuses; also known as Helsinki Watch), founding member, c. 1976; imprisoned, 1977–79; American Federation of Labor/Congress of Industrial Organizations, New York, NY, staff member at European office in France; Russkaya Mysl (periodical; title means "Russian Thought"), Paris, France, writer, c. 1980–97. Proponent of nonviolent activism against human-rights abuses in Russia.


Author of The White Book, published outside Russia, c. 1966. Contributor to periodicals.



New York Times, July 14, 1978, "Trial in Soviet a Cause Célèbre"; January 14, 1980, "Family of Soviet Dissident to Join Him in U.S.," p. A7; October 16, 1986, "Three Moscow Dissidents Are Reunited in U.S.," p. A11; August 8, 1998, Craig R. Whitney, "In the 'Free' World Now, but He's Still a Dissident," p. A4.



Los Angeles Times, July 20, 2002, p. B15.

New York Times, July 20, 2002, p. A11.

Times (London, England), July 23, 2002.

Washington Post, July 20, 2002, p. B6.

About this article

Ginzburg, Aleksandr (Ilich) 1936–2002

Updated About content Print Article