lira organizzata

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lira organizzata (It.). Organ lyre. Obsolete str. instr. like hurdy-gurdy, in which wooden wheel replaced bow and small org. attachment was built into body to enrich tone-colour effects. Haydn wrote 6 concs. (of which 5 survive) c.1786 and 9 Notturnos (of which 8 survive) for 2 lire organizzate in 1788–90 for King Ferdinand IV of Naples who enjoyed playing duets with his teacher. The 2nd and 4th movts. of his Sym. No.89 in F are revs. of material used in the 5th of these concs., and the 2nd movt. of his Sym. No.100 (‘Military’) originated in 3rd conc.