Bonner, Mary (1885–1935)
Bonner, Mary (1885–1935)
American artist noted for her etchings of the American West. Born in Bastrop, Louisiana, in 1885; died in San Antonio, Texas, on June 26, 1935.
Mary Bonner, who would gain international attention for her etchings of the American West, did not begin printmaking until 1922, at age 37. Originally interested in lithography, she was told the technique might be too strenuous, so she journeyed to Paris to study etching with Edouard Leon. Her first exhibition in Europe (1925) was enthusiastically received and won her the Palmes Academique from the French government.
Bonner was hailed as one of the most original interpreters of the American West. Her friezes, described by Doris Dawdy as characterized by borders of "rattlesnakes and bats, game roosters and horned frogs," were lauded as "the only absolutely new motif in design since the Italian Renaissance." Her work is displayed at the New York Public Library and the Luxembourg Museum. Several of her friezes were purchased by the French government; others were acquired by the British Museum.
Dawdy, Doris Ostrander. Artists of the American West. Vol. II. Chicago, IL: Swallow Press, 1981.
"Bonner, Mary (1885–1935)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bonner-mary-1885-1935
"Bonner, Mary (1885–1935)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bonner-mary-1885-1935
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.