Skip to main content

Bonaparte, Pauline (1780–1825)

Bonaparte, Pauline (1780–1825)

Princess Borghese and duchess of Guastalla. Name variations: Marie Pauline; Maria-Paoletta. Born Carlotta Bonaparte in Ajaccio, Corsica, on October 20, 1780; died in Florence, Italy, on June 9, 1825; daughter ofLetizia Bonaparte (1750–1836) and Carlo Bonaparte (a Corsican lawyer); younger sister of Napoleon I, emperor of France (r. 1804–1815); married Charles Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc, in 1797 (died); married Prince Camillo Borghese, on August 28, 1803; children: (first marriage) one son, Napoléon Dermide.

Pauline was Napoleon's youngest and favorite sister. Known for her beauty and promiscuity (Canova's statue of her as Venus is famous), she married General C.V.E. Leclerc, a staff officer of Napoleon in 1797. Following his death from yellow fever, she married Prince Camillo Borghese, only to tire of him and return to Paris, where her appearance and behavior (she was said to dress oddly and frequent fortune-tellers) caused somewhat of a scandal. She received the title of duchess of Guastalla in 1806, but her shabby treatment of Napoleon's second wife, Marie Louise of Austria , led to her removal from court in 1810. Pauline retired to Elba in 1814 with her mother and was legally separated from her second husband in 1816. She died of stomach cancer, as did many of the Bonapartes, in 1825, after being reconciled with her husband for the last few months of her life.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bonaparte, Pauline (1780–1825)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 17 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Bonaparte, Pauline (1780–1825)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (September 17, 2019).

"Bonaparte, Pauline (1780–1825)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.